The Communist Party of China (CPC) issued the 13th Five-Year Plan (FYP) on March 2016, setting a target of ‘maintaining medium-high growth’. One of the tasks of the 13th FYP is to increase the proportion of registered residents in urban areas to around 45 percent by 2020.
The 13th FYP emphasises the importance of sustainable urbanisation and the role of smaller cities. The ‘new type’ of sustainable urbanisation promotes the development of small to medium sized cities and mixed and intensive transport-oriented planning. Whilst also promoting the use of low-carbon technologies, new energy systems, smart cities and energy and emissions saving technologies, the 13th FYP also calls for industrial land to be reallocated to encourage the circular economy.