Bilateral Agreement

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Belgium (Download)

Belgium has a decentralised scientific cooperation with China. Most projects do not fall under any federal-level framework. A bilateral agreement for economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperation between the Belgian-Luxemburg Economic Union (BLEU) and the People's Republic of China was signed in Beijing on the 23rd of November 1979. Within this framework, meetings of the Mixed Committee for S&T cooperation are held regularly.

No.NameBelgium OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Bilateral agreement for economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperationBelgian-Luxemburg Economic Union (BLEU)eople's Republic of China23. November 1979

Within this framework, the XVth meeting of the Mixed Committee for S&T cooperation was held in Brussels on the 20th of October 2004; 12 cooperation projects have been approved.

2Joint Commission for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (Projects 2004-2006)Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)October 2004

10 projects were funded in Brussels, on the following areas:
– Space research
– Sustainable management of the environment
– Biotechnology
– Standardization
– Transport

3Joint Commission for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (Projects 2007-2010)Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)March 2007

At the 16th meeting of the Joint Commission in Beijing, 7 projects have been awarded funding to the following research areas:
– Product standards (food safety and construction)
– Medicine (nuclear medicine, evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine in terms of standards of Western medicine)
– Pandemics (bird flu, AIDS …)
– Cultural and Natural Heritage (methods of protection, restoration and digitization)
– Energy economy (buildings and transport)
– Space (cooperation through the STEREO program – satellite remote sensing applications – or as a partner in ESA programs)

4Joint Commission for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (Projects 2011-2013)Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2010

The Joint Commission held its 17th meeting in the framework of the World Expo. It was decided on this occasion to launch a call for proposals focusing on the following research areas:
– Climate change: modeling
Energy savings
– Animal diseases (pandemics)
– Food security (quality)
– Biodiversity (biodiversity and services provided by ecosystems)

5Bilateral research cooperationsResearch Foundation - Flanders (FWO)Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST)2009

FWO and MoST cooperate by funding joint research projects.

The cooperation programme for 2012 is limited to the following areas:

  • Biotechnology
  • Microelectronics
  • Agronomy
6Agreements for the funding of potential exchange projectsResearch Foundation - Flanders (FWO)National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)2005

This cooperation is focussed mainly on the exchange of young postdoctoral researchers and the organisation of joint seminars and conferences.  Other collaborative activities can be agreed upon by the researchers concerned. The research must be fundamental in nature, and fall within the remit of already subsidised projects.

7Exchange agreementResearch Foundation - Flanders (FWO)Various Chinese acedemies

To promote scientific collaboration, the FWO has signed bilateral agreements with the following institutes:

 

  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
  • Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)

 

Czech Republic (Download)

Since Czech Republic and China built the diplomatic relations in 1949, both countries have signed agreements on cooperation in the fields of culture, science and technology.

No.NameCzech Republic OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (S&T)the Government of the Czech Republicthe Government of the People´s Republic of ChinaJune 1, 1995

The implementation bodies of the Agreement are the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports on the Czech side and the Ministry of Science and Technology on the Chinese side. The Czech-Chinese Joint Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation meets every 2 years.

2Agreement on cultural cooperationthe Government of the Czech Republicthe Government of the People´s Republic of China27 March 1957
3Agreement on cooperation in health and medical sciencesthe Government of the Czech Republicthe Government of the People´s Republic of China13 May 1988
4Agreement on Education Exchanges for the Years 2008 - 2011the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport of the Czech Republicthe Ministry of Education of the People´s Republic of China8 July 2008
5Protocol on Cultural Co-operation for the Years 2007 - 2011 the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republicthe Ministry of Culture of the People´s Republic of China22 April 2008
6Bilateral agreements Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR) different Chinese academies

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic has signed agreements with the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the China National Fund for Science (NSFC) to fund Czech researchers to travel to China.

7Czech-Chinese Centre for Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Ministry of Health of Czech RepublicMinistry of Health of the People's Republic of China2015

As a part of the additional program of the summit of Health Ministers of countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEEC) and China entitled Health Ministers Meeting 2015, the first Czech-Chinese Centre for Traditional Chinese Medicine Research was opened at the University Hospital Hradec Králové (UHHK) in East Bohemia.

8Czech – Chinese GD Nanodec R&D centreNAFIGATE Corporation from the Czech Republic Guodian Technology Environment Group Corporation Limited 2013

In the framework of a Czech – Chinese cooperation project in the field of nanofiber applications, a GD Nanodec research and development center was inaugurated in Future Technology City on 6 December 2013. The center was opened by both partners – NAFIGATE China / a subsidiary company of NAFIGATE Corporation from the Czech Republic /and  Guodian Technology Environment Group Corporation Limited / high-tech division of China Guodian Corporation – one of China’s largest energy companies. The aim of this collaboration is the development of nanofiber applications primarily for water and air cleaning and their fastest possible entry into the Chinese and global markets.

Denmark (Download)

In 1987 Denmark and China signed the Protocol of Science & Technology Cooperation (S&T). Since then, the cooperation between Denmark and China has been very active and numerous Memorandums of Understanding have been signed between both countries.

No.NameDenmark OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology (S&T) the Government of Denmarkthe Government of the People´s Republic of China1987
2Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on bilateral cooperation in science and technology the Danish Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (on behalf of the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark) the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (on behalf of the Government of the People' s Republic of China)25.09.2007

Priority fields of collaboration:

  • Biotechnology and Biomedicine, including traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)
  • Agricultural and Food Technology
  • Clean and Renewable Energy (esp. wind power, bio energy and fuel cells)
  • Nanoscience & technology
  • Health and TCM application
  • Information and Communication Technology
3Cooperation agreementthe Danish Energy Agency (DEA)China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC)23.02.2012

Cooperation areas:

  • CNREC will inivite DEA to have a seat in CNRECs Advisory Committee;
  • Both parties will provide and exchange information with each other regarding understanding and analyses of the possibilities for greentech companies and institutions in both countries;
  • DEA and CNREC will support each other with information and best-practice examples on development of renewable energy in the two countries and internationally;
  • In the 2012-14 start-up phase of CNREC the cooperation will be particularly intensive with financial support from the Sino-Danish RED Programme;
  • CNREC and DEA will arrange annual joint seminars on renewable energy;
  • CNREC and DEA will by the end of each year identify specific activies for next year’s cooperation. The two institutions will at the same time evaluate the current year’s cooperation;
  • CNREC and DEA will work for the involvement of other key institutions in the cooperation if it is relevant and fruitful for the quality of the cooperation;
  • A consolidated framework agreement for the next 3 years will be discussed and agreed upon before the end of 2014.
4Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of energy efficiencythe Danish Energy Agency (DEA) the National Energy Conservation Center of China24.04.2014

Areas of mutual interests:

  • To enhance exchange in policy studies in the field of energy efficiency and to discuss design and deployment of energy efficiency strategies at national and local levels;
  • To promote demonstration projects and push forward the demonstration and promotion of advanced technologies and experiences in the field of energy efficiency throughout China;
  • To share and exchange views on energy efficiency through capacity building experiences for energy efficiency-related institutions both in China and Denmark, focusing on research and development of activities like consultancy, training and seminars;
  • Actively carry out exchange of experiences with technologies in the field of energy efficiency and mutually recommend energy efficiency-related advanced information technologies, solutions and evealuation methods etc;
  • Jointly explore business and financing models in the field of energy efficiency and promote the implementation of energy saving projects through exchange of experiences with ESCO-models.
5Bilateral Agreementthe Danish Energy Technology Development and Demonstration programme (EUDP) the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)17.12.2012

Both parties agreed:

  • Without prejudice to national legislation to implement a joint call for proposals for enery technology development and demonstration projects;
  • The purpose of the call for proposals shall be to promote the use of renewable energy sources, technology development and a mutually beneficial cooperation between Sino-Danish organizations;
  • The call for proposals shall be limited to include projects within the priority technology areas of smart grids and wind energy, which could be further extended in the future cooperation.
6Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the area of energy research, development and demonstrationthe Ministry of Climate , Energy and Buildiung of the Kingdom of Denmarkthe Ministry of Science and Technology of the People´s Republic of China16.06.2012

High priority areas:

  • Investigating opportunities of seminars and workshops involving experts, scientists, the business sector and other relevant agencies;
  • Promoting potential research, development and pilot demonstration projects, particularly in the form of public-private partnerships (ppp);
  • Scoping opportunities for Establishment of a China-Denmark Innovation Center on renewable energy, energy efficiency and smart grid, which will serve as a stable platform for bilateral scientific and technological cooperation;
  • Scoping options of publicly funded research, development and demonstration programs in China and Denmark for joint initiatives of companies and research institutions from both countries, including focus on mutual guidance on procedures for public research and development funds, without prejudice to national legislation.
7Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the area of climate change and energy efficiencythe Ministry of Climate , Energy and Buildiung of the Kingdom of Denmarkthe National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of the People´s Republic of China24.06.2013

Areas of interest:

  • Low carbon and energy efficiency development plans;
  • Best practice in support schemes for green technology research, development, demonstration, test and certification;
  • Energy efficiency policy and best practice in promotion of energy efficiency, e.g. energy standards and labelling, energy saving schemes and measures of pricing and taxation of energy to reflect real cost to society including externalities;
  • Promotion of energy efficient and low carbon community, including efficient district energy, clean and smart solutions and partnerships in low carbon cities, low carbon industrial parks, buildings and energy efficient building materials;
  • Low carbon cities and buildings, including scoping opportunities for private sector incolvement in energy efficient demonstration building for NDRC Climate Centre;
  • GHG inventory and relevant capacity building;
  • Promoting best practice in renewable energy development, including but not limited to biomass, waste sources for renewable energy purposes, as well as wind power development;
  • Climate and energy efficiency related business, investment and R&D opportunies in both countries.
8Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the area of energy efficiency in buildingsthe Ministry of Climate , Energy and Buildiung of the Kingdom of Denmarkthe Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People´s Republic of China24.04.2014

High priority areas:

  • Development and promotion of energy efficiency in the building sector and measurement of energy use in relation to buildings;
  • Concepts for and examples of new and retrofitted low energy and sustainable buildings;
  • The regulation of energy efficient buildings as a drier for innovation;
  • Standards and minimum requirements for buildings components and materials, including energy and safety issues, including strategies for standard development;
  • Market suiveillance of standards for construction products;
  • Enforcement of standards and minimum requirement for building components and materials;
  • The possibility of collaboration on the establishment of a low energy demonstration building, will be explored, including an effort to motivate private companies’ economic participation;
  • Cooperation on energy efficient district heating, as a mean to ensure reliable, cheap and environmentally friendly heating in Chinese cities.
9Memorandum of Understanding establishing a China-Denmark Renewable Energy Partnershipthe Ministry of Climate , Energy and Buildiung of the Kingdom of DenmarkNational Energy Administration of the People´s Republic of China 24.04.2014

High priority areas:

  • Capacity building and mutual knowledge sharing regarding development of renewable energy and long term low carbon transition of energy systems;
  • Development of tools and methodologies for strategic policy research regarding renewable energy to promote renewable energy application in scale;
  • Development of sustainable energy system roadmap and the variable renewable energy technology roadmaps;
  • Strategic development of demonstration projects for promotions of wide renewable technology deployment in cities and towns, within power and heating, and distributed and scattered deployment, as well as promotion of offshore wind power cooperation and intelligent use of biomass for energy purposes;
  • Integration of high penetration of renewable energy into the electricity system and power system stability, as well as system and mechanism innovation by power sector structuring, improvement of incentive mechanisms and development of smart grid;
  • Strengthening the cooperation between Danish and Chinese companies, institutions and universities regarding development of renewable energy.

Germany (Download)

German-Chinese scientific and technological cooperation (STC) is based on the Intergovernmental Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation of 9 October 1978 (WTZ). Since then, Germany has established diverse bilateral agreements with China. Only the agreements on national level are listed here.

No.NameGermany OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (WTZ)Federal Republic of GermanyPeople’s Republic of China1978

Joint committees meet every two years.

2Joint declarations of intergovernmental consultationsFederal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2011, 2012

1. Life Science Platform
2. Innovation Platform
3. German-Chinese Research and Innovation Programme “Clean Water”
4. LED technology

3Joint declarations of intergovernmental consultationsFederal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)Ministry of Education (MoE)2011

1. German-Chinese alliance for vocational education and training (VET)

2. Funding of extensive cooperation projects and the establishment of a strategic partnership in higher education

4Joint declarations of intergovernmental consultationsFederal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)Chinese State Oceanic Administration (SOA)2012

Marine and polar research 

5Bilateral agreementGerman Research Foundation (DFG)National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)1988, 2004, 2005, 2014

Sino-German Center for Research Promotion

6Bilateral agreementGerman Research Foundation (DFG)Ministry of Education (MoE)2003
7Bilateral agreementGerman Research Foundation (DFG)Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)1981

Estonia (Download)

No.NameEstonia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technical cooperationGovernment of EstoniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of ChinaApril 20, 1992
2Agreement on Cultural, Educational and Scientific CooperationThe Government of the Republic of Estoniathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaSeptember 3, 1993

Both parties agreed on further development of their relations in the
fields of culture, education, science and sport. Please find the details in the original agreement (download).

3Cooperation Programme for the Years 2008-2012The Ministry of Education and Research of the Public of EstoniaThe Ministry of Education of the People´s Republic of China (MoE)October 13, 2008

Please find the details in the original agreement (download).

4Agreement on Mutual Recognition of Higher Education Qualificationsthe Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Estoniathe Ministry of Education of the People´s Republic of China (MoE)April 27, 2015

Please find the details in the original agreement (download).

Ireland (Download)

No.NameIreland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Cultural Cooperationthe Government of Irelandthe Government of People's Republic of ChinaMay 1985
2Agreement on Economic, Industrial, Scientific and Technological Cooperation the Government of Irelandthe Government of People's Republic of ChinaMay 1986
3Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperationthe Government of Irelandthe Government of People's Republic of ChinaSeptember 2000
4Strategic Partnership Agreement the Government of Irelandthe Government of People's Republic of ChinaMarch 2012

The two sides agree to make full use of the China-Ireland Economic and Scientific Joint Commission and provide a better service to facilitate exchanges and cooperation between businesses on both sides.

The two sides agree on furthering bilateral cooperation in the fields of science and technology, health and agriculture (food and agribusinesses), information and communications technologies, software, financial services and other important industries. The two sides will work together on an industrial-academic-research alliance for cooperation in life science.

5Memorandum of Understanding on Science and Innovation CooperationMinistry of Jobs Enterprise and Innovation, IrelandMinistry of Science and Technology, ChinaMarch 2012

Cooperative activities envisaged include exchange of scientific and technological information and data, exchange of scientists, researchers, technicians and trainees for visits, study tours and advanced studies, organization of bilateral scientific and technical meetings and joint research on projects of mutual interest.

 On 7th March 2013, Science and Innovation cooperation received up to € 1 million funding from Irish Government. This funding focused on a number of thematic areas of cooperation, including:

  • Agri-Food,
  • Nanotechnology
  • Biomedical diagnostics & therapeutics
  • ICT and Health
6Cooperation Agreement Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)2005

The last agreement signed in 2014 will allow for greater collaboration between both foundations in maintaining and developing co-operative activities in the fields of science and engineering, such as new research projects, exchange of researchers and bilateral workshops.

7International Strategic Collaboration Programme – China/Ireland (ISCP China)2013

China (ISCP China) aims to build research capacity between Irish and Chinese universities and knowledge-intense industries in the strategically important areas of ICT, biomedical science and nanotechnology. The main objectives of ISCP China are to:

  • Strengthen and extend the existing research relationships between Irish researchers, leading Chinese Institutions and key state laboratories through knowledge and people exchange.
  • Develop new China–Ireland partnerships focused on research excellence in our strategic thematic areas, that will prove competitive, sustainable and scaleable in international funding programmes.
  • Build greater cultural understanding between the research communities of the two countries as an important element of future research cooperation.
  • Utilise the experience of research collaboration with China to help Irish companies compete in the world’s second largest economy and to encourage foreign direct investment into Ireland for national economic benefit.
8China-Ireland Research consortium2012

The goal of China–Ireland Research is to build on individual strengths and consolidate interactions around a shared agenda in order to develop research and innovation collaborations in three key thematic areas: Agri-Food, ICT, Health and Energy. The principles underpinning the China–Ireland Research programme include:

  • Building credibility as a truly national programme.
  • Engaging with the best research teams in China, sending top-class Irish researchers to work with them.
  • Identifying and prioritising shared objectives between the consortium and Export Trade Council.
  • Delivering early success to build sustainability while ensuring long-term larger objectives are met.
9Memorandum of Understanding in relation to Fishery science and technology Marine Institute, Ireland Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences (CAFS)2012

The cooperation will include exchange of experts annually, submission of partner applications for European and international funding opportunities in marine research and technology and participation in programmes focused on education and raising awareness of the marine environment.

Greece (Download)

Agreement on S&T Cooperation was signed in Beijing on November 15, 1979 between the Government of the Hellenic Republic and the Government of the People’s Republic of China. With the adopted open policies and the rapid development of economy in China, the Sino-Hellenic cooperation and exchange in science and technology has developed smoothly and rapidly.

No.NameGreece OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (S&T)the Government of the Hellenic Republic the Government of People´s Republic ChinaNovember 15, 1979

Since 1984, joint committee meetings have been held every two to three years. Sino-Hellenic governmental science and technology cooperation mainly classified in many areas, i.e.,

  • cooperation in the fields of forest and olive trees plantation.
  • the health science cooperation;
  • environment;
  • Olympic weather services, etc.
2Official Announcement of Scientific and Technological Cooperation (S&T)the Government of the Hellenic Republic the Government of the People's Republic of ChinaJanuary 19, 2012
The indicative volume of funding for the Transnational Cooperation programme between Greece and China amounts to 10 million Euros, while the budget of each project will not exceed 400,000 Euros. and its maximum duration will not exceed three years.

Spain (Download)

No.NameSpain OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on scientific and tehnological cooperationKingdom of SpainPeople’s Republic of China1985
2Bilateral Spanish-Chinese Program for Technological Cooperation (Chineka) The Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI)High Technology Industry Development Center of China (TORCH)2003

Renewed annually

The Bilateral Spanish-Chinese Program for Technological Cooperation (Chineka) promotes international technological cooperation between entities in Spain and China, through projects led by companies with the goal of promoting the competitiveness of Spanish and Chinese company, by fomenting and supporting the execution of joint technological projects oriented towards the development and/or adaptation of new products, processes or services intended for international markets.

3Memorandum of Understanding on scientific and technological cooperationMinistry of Economy and Competitiveness (former Ministry of Science and Innovation)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2011

The second Chinese-Spanish High-Level Commission (MOST – MINECO) for the follow up of the MoU
signed in 2011 was held in Madrid in 2013. The following priority areas were defined:
1. Environment (including water-related issues)
2. Energy
3. Health
4. Biotechnologies
5. Information and Communication Technologies as a cross-cutting issue across the aforementioned subjects.

France (Download)

The general agreement on science and technology cooerpation between France and China was signed in October 1978. Since then numbers of intergovernmental as well as institutional agreements have been signed.

No.NameFrance OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1General agreement on scientific and technology cooperationFrench governmentChinese government1978
2Cooperation agreement on the development of nuclear energy for peaceful purposesFrench governmentChinese government1997
3Cooperation agreement on intellectual propertyFrench governmentChinese government1998
4Agreement regarding prevention and fight against emerging infectious diseasesFrench governmentChinese government2004
5Cooperation protocol on Traditional Chinese MedicineFrench governmentChinese government2007
6Dialog on InnovationFrench governmentChinese government2013
7Bilateral agreementMinistry of Higher Education and Research (MESR)Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) 2011

Six priorities of cooperation have been defined:

  • Green chemistry and technology ;
  • New energies ;
  • Life sciences – emerging infectious diseases ;
  • Advanced materials ;
  • Information and communication technologies and smart cities ;
  • Sustainable development, biodiversity, management of water.
8Bilateral agreementFrench funding agency (ANR)National Natural Science Foundation (NFSC)2008

ANR and NSFC agreed on publishing joint calls for proposal every year:

 

9Bilateral AgreementFrench funding agency (ANR)Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST)2009
  • Programme on microbial genomics (Metagenomics), 2007
  • ECO-TS programme (Ecotechnologies), 2010-2011, 2013
10Bilateral cooperationsNational Center for Scientific Research, France (CNRS) Diverse Chinese organizations
  • China Academy of Science, CAS – 1978
  • Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources – 1986
  • China National Foundation of Natural Sciences, NSFC – 1994
  • China Academy of Social Sciences, CASS – 1995
  • Ministry of Science and Technology, MOST – 2007
  • Ministry of Education, MOE – 2009
  • China Earthquake Administration, CEA – 2009
11ZHANG Heng ProgrammeFrench embassy2011

This programme grants young French scientists or engineers a short trip in China to meet potential partners.

Objective : giving a better knowledge of Chinese science

12XU Guangqi ProgrammeFrench Embassy2012

Call for elementary research proposals, open to French and Chinese joint teams wishing to start a cooperation

13CAI Yuanpei ProgrammeFrench Ministries of Foreign Affairs and of Higher Education and ResearchChinese Ministry of Education (MoE)2013

French-Chinese funded call for proposals, involving co-direction PhD students and post-doc mobility

Objective: To develop high standards scientific and technological exchanges between labs of both countries

 

14COOPOL InnovationFrench clustersChinese science and technology parks2008

Fostering cooperation between French clusters and Chinese science and technology parks

Objective: Grants a French innovative SME and its academic partner a one week’s program to discover China and find out potential R&D partners

Italy (Download)

The intergovernmental Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between Italy and China was signed in 1978. Within this framework, Executive Programmes were signed for every two to three years. The CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche) has various bilateral agreements with Chinese Institutions.

No.NameItaly OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological cooperationGoverment of Italian RepublicPeople´s Republic of ChinaOctober 6th, 1978
2Executive Programme of scientific and technological cooperation for the years 2010-2012Ministry of Foreign AffairsMinistry of Science and Technology (MoST)2009

Calls for proposal were launched in the course of 2009 to collect bilateral research projects in the following priority areas:
– Agriculture and Food Safety
– Aerospace Activities and Physics
– Energy and Environment
– Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine
– Natural Risks Prevention
– Technologies for Cultural Heritage Preservation

3Executive Programme of scientific and technological cooperation for the years 2013-2015Ministry of Foreign AffairsMinistry of Science and Technology (MoST)2013

A joint call for proposal was launched between July 10th and the September 30th, 2012 to collect proposals for Exchange of Reserachers and for Projects of Particular Relevance, in the following priority areas:
– Applied Basic Sciences (Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics)
– Biotechnology and Medicine
– Energy and Environment
– Information Communication Technology
– Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials

– Space and Aeronautics
– Technology Applied to Cultural Heritage

4Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)1988

– Joint research projects and connected exchange of scientists;

– Organization of bilateral scientific and technological workshops on problems of interests of both parties;

– Exchange of information on policies and practices of both parties

5Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS)1995

The cooperation includes mainly Joint research projects and other cooperative activities.

6Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF)2011

The cooperation includes mainly Joint research projects and other cooperative activities.

7Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)2013

The cooperation includes mainly Joint research projects and other cooperative activities.

8Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage (CACH)2014

The cooperation includes mainly Joint research projects and other cooperative activities.

9Memorandum of Understanding on Clean Coal Technology including CCS and Ultra-Supercritical Coal-fired Power Plants TechnologiesMinistry for the Environment, Land and Sea (IMELS) Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MOST)May 5, 2008

Under this framework of cooperation, the first workshop was held in Beijing in December 2008. In April 2009, the Department of International Cooperation of MOST organized a delegation composed of Chinese entreprineurs and experts on CCS to Italy. In September 2009, “Agreement on Clean Coal Technology including CCS and Ultra-Supercritical Coal-fired Power Plants Technologies” was signed by the ministers of both ministries.

Lithuania (Download)

No.NameLithuania OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on cooperation in the fields of science and technologiesGovernment of the Republic of LithuaniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of ChinaApril 1992

The agreement on scientific-technological cooperation includes following measures:

  • Exchange of scientific delegations, individual scientists and specialists;
  • Exchange of scientific-technological information and documentation, samples of the materials and products, know-how and licences;
  • Organization of scientific-technological symposiums and scientific conferences;
  • Implementation of joint projects and scientific works, as well as Exchange of the results of researches and scientific works;
  • Other scientific-technological cooperation methods, mutually agreed.
2Agreement on cooperation in the field of cultureGovernment of the Republic of LithuaniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of ChinaApril 1992

The agreement on cooperation in the field of culture includes the following measures:

  • Exchange of scientists, teachers, specialists for lectures or study visits;
  • Granting scholarships according to the needs and possibilities of the other side;
  • Support of the direct contacts and cooperation between the universities of both countries;
  • Support and promotion of the participation of scientists and specialists participation in the science conferences held in both countries.
3Agreement on recognizing academic qualificationsMinstry of Education and Science of Lithuania Ministry of Education of ChinaApril 2015

The agreement is of great importance for the cooperation among the science and education institutions of the two states; it will encourage academic exchange and will allow strengthening cooperation in the fields of education and science.

Luxembourg (Download)

No.NameLuxembourg OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement for Cultural CooperationGovernment of Grand Duchy of LuxembourgGovernment of People’s Republic of China1979

Five implementation plans for cultural exchanges signed between 1983 and 2000. However, the bilateral agreements in scientific and technological cooperation mainly exit on the university level.

Hungary (Download)

In 2002 the Government of Hungary and the Government of People’s Republic of China signed Agreement on Scientific & Technological Cooperation (S&T). China is an increasingly important partner to Hungary, not only in economic terms, but also in scientific and technological cooperation.

No.NameHungary OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific & Technological Cooperation (S&T)Government of the Republic of HungaryGovernment of the People’s Republic of China2002

The Joint Committee meeting held biannually, is to discuss new possibilities of collaboration in the fields of science, technology and innovation. During the last meeting in 2015, both parties agreed to support 36 projects from the jointly financed Science and Technology Funds. As for future cooperation

  • the parties intend to focus on large scale research projects that may be utilized in high-tech industries,
  • as well as installing joint research and development laboratories,
  • especially in the
    • healthcare industry
    • vehicles industry
    • material sciences
    • biotechnology
    • agriculture and energetics.
2Agreement on Scientific Cooperationthe Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS)Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)1984

In 2014, both parties agreed on developing a “Modern China and Hungary” researchers’ cooperation with the aim of integrating researchers involved in Chinese/Hungary studies and researchers with Chinese/Hungary research interests.

 

3Cooperation Agreementthe Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (IE HAS) Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (IE CASS) 25.06.2007

The parties agreed on implementing their cooperation through the following means:

  • Regular exchange of detailed information on research projects of mutual interest
  • Organization of joint conferences and workshops
  • Providing opportunities for inviting individual researcher.

Areas of mutual interest:

  • Regional disparities and transformation (SOEs,, privatization, joint ventures, private investment, labor market issues)
  • Social safety networks and transformation (pension, unemployment benefits, healthcare)
  • International trade and development (trade and investment flows between China and its main trading partners and their impact on the regional economy; the role of multinational companies in China’s industrial development and exports; the scope and chances of regional financial cooperation in East Asia).
4Agreement on establishment of joint laboratoriesthe Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS)Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) 2014

Both parties agreed on establishing joint laboratories, based on the existing exchange of relevant institutions and a strong need to collaborate in designated fields of common interest

5Joint fund the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) Ministry of Science and Technology, China (MoST)
  • Research mobility
  • Market-oriented research

Investment: EUR 700 000/2ys/country

Netherlands (Download)

The Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science has a long-standing history of over 30 years of exchange and collaboration with China in the fields of education and science.

No.NameNetherlands OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Bilateral agreement on scientific and technological cooperation Kingdom of the Netherlands People’s Republic of China and12 April 1999

Joint Statement on the Strenghtening of Bilateral Cooperation between their Ministers of Foreign Affairs in 2007 and 2014

2Memorandum of Understanding on scientific cooperation and exchangeThe Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of the NetherlandsThe Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)August 2011

The following research programmes will be realised within the framework of this Memorandum:

  • China Exchange Programme (CEP)
  • Joint Scientific Thematic Research Programme (JSTP)
3Memorandum of Understanding on educational and scientific cooperation and exchangeThe Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of the NetherlandsThe Ministry of Education of the People´s Republic of China (MoE)30. August 2011

The Signatories dedicated themselves to the reinforcement of the cooperation in education by stimulating inter alia the following initiatives:

  • Exchange of Dutch and Chinese Government Scholoarships;
  • Mobility of students and staff between the two countries;
  • Educational collaboration between institutions of higher and vocational education in China and the Netherlands;
  • Accessiblity to and exchange of educational information and experiences;
  • Encouragement of cooperation in language teaching.
4Memorandum of Understanding on scientific cooperation and exchangeMinistry of Education, Culture and Science of the NetherlandsMinistry of Science and Technology (MOST)01. September 2011

The Signatories dedicated themselves to the reinforcement of scientifc cooperation by stimulation inter alia the following initiatives:

  • Cooperation between scientific organisations, institutions, universities and other institutions for scientific research in the Netherlands and China;
  • Intensification of existing contacts between scientific research organisations, institutions and universities;
  • Mobility of scientific researchers, especially young scholars and PhD candidates between the two countries.
5Memorandum of Understanding on scientific cooperation and exchangeMinistry of Education, Culture and Science of the NetherlandsChinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)31. August. 2011

The Signatories dedicated themselves to the reinforcement of scientifc cooperation by stimulation inter alia the following initiatives:

  • Cooperation between scientific organisations, institutions, universities and other institutions for scientific research in the Netherlands and China;
  • Intensification of existing contacts between scientific research organisations, institutions and universities;
  • Mobility of scientific researchers between the two countries
  • Exchange of PhD-candidates and post-docs between the two countries.
6Memorandum of UnderstandingThe Royal Netherlands Academy for Arts and Sciences (KNAW) & The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)The china Scholarship Council (CSC)08. Sept. 2009

The primary focus of this programme is for selected students from Chinese institutions to take full PhD study at Dutch universities and research institutions facilicated by KNAW and NWO in the Netherlands in the context of the “Talent & Training China-Netherlands programme”.

Austria (Download)

The main funders in the public R&D domains are: the Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth (BMWFJ), the Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) and the Ministry of Science and Research (BMWF), while the main funding agencies are the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), the Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) and the Austria Business Service (AWS). While FWF mainly covers basic research and funds academia, the FFG is responsible for cooperative R&D funding and provides funds dedicated mainly to applied research and thematic oriented R&D programmes.

No.NameAustria OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (WTZ)the Republic of Austriathe People´s Republic China1984

Joint committees meet every two years.

In Austria this program is financed by the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW) The administrative management of the programme is provided by the Centre for International Cooperation and Mobility (ICM) of the Austrian Exchange Service (OeAD).

2CSC-FWF Scholarship ProgrammeAustrian Science Fund (FWF)China Scholarship Council (CSC)

The programme addresses Chinese PhD and Postdoc students who are eligible for a scholarship with the China Scholarship Council (CSC) and intend to pursue their PhD or Postdoc studies fully or partly in Austria in an excellent research environment.

3Memorandum of UnderstandingAustrian Science Fund (FWF)National Natural Science Foundation (NSFC)
4Bilateral agreementFederal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT)Ministry of Railways (MOR)2004
5Memodarum of Understanding on Technology-related CooperationFederal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT)China National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)2010

Cooperation in the field of infrastructure

 

 

6Memorandum of Understanding on technology-specific CooperationFederal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) China Ministry of Transport (MOT)2011

Cooperation in the field of Road, Civil Aviation, Coastal and Inland Waterway Transport and Related Infrastructure Development

7Bilateral agreementFederal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)

Establishing a working group for cooperation in the green technology field

8Bilateral cooperationThe Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) Shanghai University2014

Joint call on nanotechnology

9Memorandum of understanding (MoU)The Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth (BMWFJ)National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)2006

Cooperation in the field of energy efficiency and environmental protection

10Memorandum of understanding (MoU)The Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth (BMWFJ)Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)2011

Establishing a working group for energy efficiency and environmental protection in the economic and trade area

11Sino-Austrian joint research centers
  • Sino-Austrian Diagnosis, Treatment and Research Center of Cardiovascular Diseases, Nanjing China, since 2010
  • China-Austria Center for Research and Innovation in Logistics, Supply Chain Management and Material Flow, Beijing, China, since 2009
  • Austria-China Research Center on Tunnel and Underground Engineering, Shanghai, China, since 2007
  • Sino-Austrian Collaborating Center for Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, since 2007
  • Sino-Austrian Research Centre for Environmental Protection, Yangling, China, since 2007
  • Sino-Austrian Biomarker Research Centre, Beijing, China, since 2006
  • Sino-Austrian Center for Media and Marketing, Shanghai, China, since 2004

Poland (Download)

The first agreement of cooperation between the Government of Poland and China was signed in the field of agriculture, electronics, mining, energy and fishery, in 1988. Since then, a mumber of important bilateral agreements were signed mainly during high-ranking official visits of both countries.

No.NamePoland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on cooperation in the fields of agriculture, electronics, mining, energy and fisherythe Government of the Republic of Polandthe Government of the People’s Republic of China1988
2Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperationthe Government of the Republic of Polandthe Government of the People’s Republic of China13 April 1995

Under the framework of this agreement, the Poland-China Meeting of Scientific and Technological Cooperation Committee was held regularly.

On 21. November 2012, the 35th Session was held in Beijing. Both parties selected 38 projects in accordance with priority fields for S&T cooperation of both countries, including energy, urbanization, environment, biotechnology, etc.

3Agreement on cooperation in the area of higher education the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Polandthe Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China20 December 2011

Both parties agreed on cooperation in the following areas:

  • Educating students and PhD students, as well as improving skills of academic teachers,
  • Scientific research and promotion of teaching the Polish and Chinese languages,
  • Supporting direct cooperation between higher education institutions in the area of the exchange of academic teachers, as well as classes and scientific research conducted by the above-mentioned teachers,
  • Exchange of experience, information and didactic materials in the field of planning, development and management of the higher education, as well as other issues concerning organization of the educational process in higher education institutions.

Slovenia (Download)

No.NameSlovenia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological ooperation Government of the Republic of SloveniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of China1993

Joint Committee meets every two years and is responsible for approving jointly funded projects.

In accordance of the Protocol of the 9th Session of the Joint Commission, Call for Proposal in the years of 2014-2015 was opened for the following areas:

  • natural sciences and mathematics;
  • engineering;
  • biotechnical sciences;
  • medical sciences;
  • social sciences;
  • humanities
2Agreement on Scientific CooperationSlovenian Academy of Sciences and ArtsSlovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts2003

The cooperation covers mostly the exchange of visits and is open to all scientists in all research institutes under CASS and to all scientists in all research institutes and universities in Slovenia.

Finland (Download)

In 1984 Finland and China signed the Cultural Agreement and in 1986 the Science & Technology Cooperation (S&T) Agreement. Since then, the cooperation between Finland and China has been very active and further Memorandum of Understandings (MoU) have been signed.

No.NameFinland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (S&T)Ministry of Employment and the Economy of Finland (MEE)Ministry of Science and Technology(MOST)17. September 1986

Based on the bilateral agreements listed here, several innovation centres have been established:

2Record of Discussion for the Ministerial Meeting on Scientific and Technological Cooperation Ministry of Trade and Industry, Finland Ministry of Science and Technology, China (MoST)25. January 2007
3Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental CooperationMinistry of Employment and the Economy (MEE)National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)2007
4Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of the Eco-Working Group Ministry of Employment and the Economy (MEE)Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)2010
5Memorandum of Understanding on Promotion of the Establishment of the China-Finland Innovation Center Ministry of Employment and the Economy (MEE)Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)2010
6Memorandum of Understanding on the Nano Innovation Center Ministry of Employment and the Economy (MEE)Ministry of Science and Technology, China (MoST)2011
7Cultural Agreement the Government of Finlandthe Government of People's Republic of China1984
8Memorandum of Understanding of Building a Strategy Dialogue SystemMinistry of Education and Culture (OKM)Ministry of Education (MoE)11. November 2009
9Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the fields of culture, education, science, youth and sportthe Government of Finlandthe Government of the People’s Republic of China26 March 2010
10Letter of Intent aiming at promoting the cooperation in the field of science and researchMinistry of Education and Culture (OKM), Finland Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST), China30 November 2011
11Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) Ministry of Education and Culture (OKM)Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China (CASS)31 October 2014
12Memorandum of Understanding on Cultural Exchange and Cooperation in 2015Ministry of Education and Culture (OKM)Ministry of Culture, China (MoC)18 November 2014
13Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of Cultural CentersMinistry of Education and Culture (OKM)Ministry of Culture, China (MoC)12 June 2015
14Memorandum of Understanding on strengthening comprehensive cooperation on education Ministry of Education and Culture (OKM)Ministry of Education (MoE)12 June 2015
15Memorandum of Understanding for cooperationthe Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (Tekes)the Department of International Cooperation of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, China2013

Project “Beautiful Beijing” aims at conducting a Sino-Finnish joint project to gain common actions to be taken to improve the living conditions, especially the air quality in Beijing. Five sectors for cooperation:

  • Energy Production and Distribution technologies;
  • Buildings and Construction;
  • Traffic and Transportation;
  • Major industrial sectors, energy efficiency in whole process;
  • Air Quality Monitoring and Analysis.

Sweden (Download)

Among Scandinavian countries, Sweden has taken an active role towards China R&D&I cooperation. These two countries signed intergovernmental Trade Agreement already in 1950s, while the official Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement was signed only in 2004.

No.NameSweden OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden the Government of the People’s Republic of China2012

Forms of the cooperative activities may include:

  • Meetings of various forms, such as those of experts, to discuss and exchange information on scientific and technological aspects of general or specific subjects and to identify research and development projects and programmes that may be usefully undertaken on a cooperative basis;
  • Exchange of information on activities, policies, practices, and laws and regulations concerning research and development;
  • Visits and exchanges of scientists, technical personnel, or
  • other experts on general or specific subjects;
  • Implementation of mutually agreed cooperative projects and programmes; and
  • Other forms of cooperative activities as may be mutually agreed.
2International Cooperation with Actors in China for Eco-Innovation Vinnova – Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems and Swedish Energy Agency (STEM)Ministry of Science and Technology, China (MoST)2012-2013

Priority areas:

  • Environmental technology
  • Sustainable urban development
  • Fossil-free vehicle fleet
  • Power systems handling renewable electricity production
  • Energy efficiency in buildings
  • Increased use of bioenergy
  • Energy efficiency in the industry sector

A comprehensive analysis about this programme is available online.

UK (Download)

A formal Science and Technology Agreement between the UK and Chinese Governments was signed in 1978. Since then, formal Science and Technology Joint Commission talks have been constituted, with the first event taking place in London in December 1999.

No.NameUK OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperationUnited Kingdom People´s Republic China1978

This includes a Science and Technology protocol which sets out, but does not bind either side to, a list of priority areas for co-operation. This Protocol was updated during the visit of the Minister for Science to China in September 1998. Since then, formal Science and Technology Joint Commission talks have been constituted, with the first event taking place in London in December 1999.

2Joint statement from the governementsGovernment of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandGovernment of the People's Republic of ChinaJune 2014
  • Both sides see great value in cooperation between institutions of higher learning, primary and secondary schools, as well as exchanges among students and researchers.
  • Both sides attach importance to the China-UK Joint Scientific Innovation Fund, and will enable research and innovation in key areas which are priorities for both countries: health, environmental technologies, food and water, urbanisation, energy and education.
3Newton UK-China Research and Innovation Partnership FundVarious institutionsVarious institutions 2014

The Newton Fund is part of the UK’s official development assistance. China is one of the 15 partner countries. UK Government funding in China: £20 million per year.

Switzerland (Download)

The Intergovernmental Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between Swiss Confederation and People´s Republic of China was signed on 24. February 1989. As stated in the Foreign Policy Report for 2009, China is now one of the priority countries for Switzerland, with which Switzerland decided to develop and expand privileged relation.

No.NameSwitzerland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological CooperationSwiss ConfederationPeople´s Republic China24. February 1989
2Memorandum of Understanding for the strengthening of the scientific and technological cooperationFederal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)21. November 2003
3Memorandum on Higher Education CooperationFederal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA)Ministry of Education (MoE)2012

The memorandum concerns the promotion of academic exchange programmes for young researchers through government scholarships, cooperation between higher education institutions. Young academics from both countries can apply via the existing channels: the Federal Commission for Scholarships for Foreign Students (FCS), which awards several types of post graduate scholarship to foreign academics and artists, and the China Scholarship Council (CSC). 

4Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)Swiss State Secretariat for Education and Research (SER)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2003

The Sino-Swiss Science and Technology Cooperation (SSSTC) program was established based on the memorandum of understanding (MoU). After the last meeting in 2012, the working group decided to sponsor 20 joint research projects over the next four years (2013-2016).

The collaboration contains:

1. Joint Research Projects (JRP)

2. Funding instruments managed by ETH Zurich as Leading House (LH) and University of Zurich as Associated Leading House (ALH)

  • Exchange Grants (EG)
  • Stepping Stone Symposia or other Workshops
  • Research-innovation Communities (RiC)
  • Follow-up Grants (FU)

Swissnex China can give more detail information about SSSTC Programme.

Portugal (Download)

The sci-tech cooperation between China and Portugal has long been vibrant. In 1993, China and Portugal signed an agreement on scientific and technological cooperation and initiated long-term bilateral cooperation and mutual assistance in science and education.

No.NamePortugal OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (S&T)Portuguese RepublicPeople´s Republic China1993
2Joint Statement on Scientific and Technological CooperationPortuguese RepublicPeople´s Republic of China2006
3Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Scientific and Technological InnovationMinistry of Education and Science of PortugalMinistry of Science and Technology (MoST)2013

Established on the MoU, an international science and technology cooperation center “China-Portugal Joint Innovation Center on Advanced Materials” officially settled at Zhejiang University.

Calls for joint project proposals were launched in 2013 in research areas of:

  • Biomedical Materials
  • Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials
  • Sustainable Materials
  • Materials for Energy
4Sino-Portuguese Programme of Cooperation in Science & Technology the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), Ministry of Education and Science of Portugal Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2012

Projects for financial support in the following key fields are available under the programme:

  • Cellular, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology;
  • Materials Science, including Nano Technology;
  • Health Sciences;
  • Agricultural Sciences;
  • Clean Energy

 

Norway (Download)

Since the 1980s China and Norway have signed several agreements on cooperation in science & technology and environmental protection, as well as the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of China and Norway on Protection of Intellectual Properties.

No.NameNorway OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology (S&T)Govemment of the Kingdom of Norway Government of the People' s Republic of ChinaSince 1980s

Agreement on S&T cooperation signed in 2008 included the following forms of the cooperative activities:

  • Meetings of various forms, such as those of experts, to discuss and exchange information on scientific and technological aspects of general or specific subjects and to identify research and development projects and programmes that may be usefully undertaken on a cooperative basis;
  • Exchange of information on activities, policies and practices concerning research and development;
  • Visits and exchanges of scientists, technical personnel, graduate students, scholars or other experts on general or specific subjects;
  • and other forms of cooperative activities, such as the establishment of joint R & D centers, as may be mutually agreed.
2Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in educationMinistry of Education and Research of the Kingdom of Norway Ministry of Education (MoE) of People´s Republic of ChinaNovember 3, 2008

Annual meeting

The agreement signed in 2008 included the following forms of the cooperative activities:

  • High -level Dialogue —Annual Meetings;
  • Mutual Visits and Personnel Exchanges;
  • High-level Talents Training;
  • Joint Research;
  • Cooperation in Language Teaching and Cultural Studies;
  • Exchange and Transparency of Information;
  • Mutual Recognition of Academic Degrees and Qualifications;
  • and other forms of cooperative activities.
3Norwegian Programme for Research Cooperation with China (CHINOR)The Research Council of Norway (RCN)different Chinese institutions

The thematic priorities at start up are climate change, climate technology, environment and welfare.

Some objectives of the CHINOR programme are:

  • To strengthen bilateral research cooperation with China;
  • To establish long-term cooperation on research funding with Chinese governmental research funding bodies;
  • To foster relations with China through cooperation with EU and Nordic countries as well as multilateral organisations in which China and Norway are partners;
  • To build new capacity, increase dissemination and promote the establishment of new research cooperation between China and Norway;
  • To lay the foundation for increased cooperation with China in all thematic areas and scientific fields, and encompassing basic research, applied research and innovation. Efforts will be made to ensure the involvement of trade and industry, universities and university colleges, as well as research institutes in both countries.
4Mobility Programme The Research Council of Norway (RCN)National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)

Objectives:

The NSFC programme shall contribute to establish and expand contact between Norwegian and Chinese research institutions.

Types of funding:

  • Exchange of researchers (individual scholarships)
  • Joint research projects and scientific seminars
5Specialist exchange programmethe Research Council of Norway (RCN)China Scholarship Coucil (CSC)

Objectives:

The Norwegian Government scholarships under the Cultural Agreement with China aim to establish and expand academic and cultural contact between Chinese and Norwegian individuals and between institutions of education and research.

Subject fields and thematic priorities:

The scholarships are open to all areas of academic studies and research, including applied and performing arts.

Bulgaria (Download)

Bulgaria was the second country in the world to recognize China in 1949, and over the last years both countries established an all-round friendly partnership in order to cement the traditional friendship and promote comprehensive bilateral cooperation. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences has established bilateral cooperations with different Chinese academies.

No.NameBulgaria OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Bilateral agreement on scientific cooperationBulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS) The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)2000

In the latest agreement signed in April 2015, both parties agreed on promoting academic cooperation in the fields of social sciences and humanities between Chinese and Bulgarian researchers. The cooperation will be carried out through joint research projects [1]. The main areas are [2]:

  • literature;
  • philosophy;
  • history;
  • economics;
  • law and
  • social sciences, international studies.
2Agreement on scientific cooperation the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS)the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)1986

Agreement signed:1986
Updated:2002
Validity:open-ended
Joint Projects:4
Quota:10 weeks

Croatia (Download)

Croatia signed the Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation with China in 1994 . Since the joint committee was built in 1997, seven sessions of meetings have been held in total, with the last session held in June 15. 2015. Besides the agreements on scientific and technological cooperation, programme on cooperation in the fields of culture and education has been established since 1998, which has been renewed every three years. The Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of Croatia represents the Croatian party, while the Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Education of China the Chinese parties. In May 2014, the Chinese-Croatian International Research Center for Environmental Protection was established in the National Park of Plitvice.

No.NameCroatia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (S&T)Government of the Republic of CroatiaGovernment of the People's Republic of China11.04.1994

Since the joint committee was built in 1997, seven sessions of meetings have been held in total, with the last session held in June 15. 2015.

2Programme on Co-operation in the Field of Culture Government of the Republic of CroatiaGovernment of the People's Republic of China 27.02.1998

Programme is renewed every three years.

Cyprus (Download)

Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established in 1971. In parallel to the political relations, both countries have signed bilateral agreements on scientific, technological and cultural cooperation.

No.NameCyprus OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Cultural Agreement the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and the Government of the People’s Republic of China7 July 1980
2Agreement on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperationthe Government of the Republic of Cyprusthe Government of the People’s Republic of China29 June 1984
3Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Public Health and Medical Sciencethe Government of the Republic of Cyprusthe Government of the People’s Republic of China15 January 1999
4Plan of Cooperation in the Fields of Health and Medical Sciences for the years 2010-2015the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Cyprusthe Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China30 November 2010
5Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental Cooperationthe Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment of the Republic of Cyprusthe State Environmental Protection Administration of the People’s Republic of China21 November 2007
6Cooperation Agreement on the Fields of Higher Education and Sciencethe Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Cyprusthe Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China20 April 2012

Latvia (Download)

The bilateral co-operation between Latvia and People's Republic of China has been successfully developing in different fields: politics, economics, culture and education.

No.NameLatvia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological CooperationGovernment of the Republic of Latvia Government of People's Republic of China1996
2Agreement on cooperation in the field of culture educationGovernment of the Republic of Latvia Government of People's Republic of China1996

To encourage and support exchanges and co-operation between the relevant departments and institutions of the two countries in the fields of culture, education, social science, public health, sports, publication, the press, broadcasting, television and films.
The two Contracting parties agree to undertake the following programme of exchanges and co-operation in the field of education:
1. Exchange of visits and study and lecture tours by teachers, scholars, and specialists according to needs and possibilities;
2. Grant scholarships to each other’s students according to needs and possibilities;
3. Facilitate and support the establishment of direct contacts and co-operation between institutions of higher learning of the two countries;
4. Exchange of educational delegations for the purpose of studying each others education;
5. Encourage the exchange of textbooks and other educational books and materials between the educational institutions of the two countries;
6. Facilitate the attendance by scholars or specialists of each other’s country at international academic conferences held in the other country.
The two Contracting parties agree to strengthen contacts and co-operation between sports organisations of the two countries and to encourage these organisations and sports associations to organise friendly visits and competitions.
Furthermore the Parties agree to undertake a programme of exchanges in the field of social sciences including the exchange of visits and lecture tours by social scientists and relevant materials.

Malta (Download)

Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established in 1972. In parallel to the political relations, both countries have signed bilateral agreements on scientific, technological and cultural cooperation.

No.NameMalta OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement concerning Co-operation in the Field of Traditional Chinese Medicine the Ministry of Health, Care for the Elderly and Family Affairs of the Republic of Maltathe Ministry of Public Health of the People's Republic of ChinaApril 1995
2Agreement on Co-operation in the Fields of Health and Medicinethe Government of the Republic of Maltathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaApril 1998
3Executive Programme on Cultural Cooperation for the Years 1998/2000the Government of the Republic of Maltathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaSeptember 1998
4Executive Programme on Cultural Co-operation for the Years 2001/2003the Government of Maltathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaJuly 2001
5Memorandum of Understanding on the Setting up of a Cultural Centerthe Government of Malta the Government of the People's Republic of ChinaJuly 2001
6Plan of Cooperation in the Fields of Health and Medicine the Ministry of Health of Malta the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China for the Years 2002-2004June 2002
7Agreement concerning Co-operation in the Field of Traditional Chinese Medicinethe Ministry of Health of Maltathe Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of ChinaJune 2002
8Memorandum on Cooperationthe Ministry of Education of Maltathe Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of ChinaJune 2002
9Agreement on Science and Technological Co-operationthe Government of Maltathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaOctober 2002
10Agreement on Educational Co-operation for the period 2002-2005the Government of Malta the Government of ChinaOctober 2002
11Memorandum of Understanding on a medium-term cooperation (2014-2019)the Government of the Republic of Malta the Government of the People’s Republic of China2014

Both parties agree on promoting cooperation in the area of science and technology. The parties shall promote contacts and exchanges between public and private research institutions and universities in their respective countries, and shall activate the Joint Commission on Science and Technology envisaged under the 2002 Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation. The parties agreed that the Malta Council for Science & Technology and China’s Ministry of Science and Technology shall hold a meeting of the said Joint Commission at an appropriated date with the primary aim of identifying areas of common interest and complementary expertise. The Parties shall encourage specialist enterprises, including innovative SMEs within their respective jurisdictions, to consider establishment of research & development facilities, production ventures and holding companies for intellectual property rights in each other’s territory.

Romania (Download)

China and Romania have all along maintained a stable and fine relationship of cooperation in science and technology. The first agreement on scientific and technological cooperation between both countries was signed in 1953.

No.NameRomania OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1 Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation Government of RomaniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of China1953

The joint committee meeting takes place every 2 years.

In June 1999, the 35th regular meeting of the Committee held in Bucharest. The two sides signed 66 projects of cooperation in agriculture, chemical industry, geology and mining, light industry, biology and metallurgy.

On 18 October 2010, the 40th meeting was held in Beijing. Both sides signed 21 projects, involving agriculture, medicine, materials, physics, and mathematics among others.

2Agreements on Cultural Cooperation Government of Romania Government of the People’s Republic of China1952, 1965, 1994
3Agreement on the mutual recognition of record of schooling, diplomas and certificates of higher educationGovernment of Romania Government of the People’s Republic of ChinaJuly 1995
4Agreement on Educational Exchanges and Cooperation for the period 1998-2001 Ministry of Education, Romania Ministry of Education, ChinaApril 1998
5Green Energy” – ROMANIA & CHINA WORKSHOP on Science and Technology, CooperationAGIR (General Association of Engineers in Romania), ICPE CA (National Institute for Research and Development in Electrical Engineering) and the Municipality of AvrigCAST (China Association for Science and Technology)June 2011

The directions for cooperation are:

  • To promote and support the Avrig energy program: “LOCAL ENERGY – The local contribution to combat climate change. An integrated model for energy efficient communities.”
  • To cooperate and share knowledge, resources and experience, in order to support and promote their activities with regard to the energy efficiency, generation, transport and distribution of energy from renewable sources, as well as to contribute to the reduction of the greenhouse effect.
  • To support the Avrig pilot research project by exploring the feasibility of developing a hybrid Bioreactor based on integrated wast management and the development of an algae industry.
  • To support the proposal for developing an Exhibition Centre in Avrig, Romania, for promoting products and technologies regarding the renewable energy sources
  • To initiate and develop common activities for scientific dissemination, in order to assure a better knowledge over the latest technological developments, regarding the renewable energy technologies in both countries
  • To facilitate interchangeable participation to the scientific and technological activities which each partner organizes.

Slovakia (Download)

The Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Peoples Republic of China on Scientific and Technological Cooperation was signed on 17 February 1997 in Beijing. Based on this Agreement, Bilateral Calls for project proposals was announced in 2007, 2009, 2012 and 2015. The Agreement on Cultural Cooperation was signed in 2 October 2000.

No.NameSlovakia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Call for submitting proposals for common research and development projects supporting the collaboration the Slovak Republic the People ́s Republic of China2015

Project objectives:

  • preparation of joint international projects;
  • preparation of joint publications and other outputs;
  • active participation at conferences, organizing joint scientific activities;
  • mutual use of special laboratory equipment and apparatus;
  • research materials collection;
  • promoting of PhD students and/or young researchers (up to 35 years)

Project duration: 01.01.2016-31.12.2017

Iceland (Download)

The diplomatic relations of both countries were established in 1970s. After the bilateral meeting of the Prime Ministers of both countries in 2012 and with the implementation of China-Iceland Free Trade Agreement on 1st July 2014, the bilateral relations have entered a new era.

No.NameIceland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Framework Agreement on Arctic Cooperationthe Government of the Republic of Icelandthe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaApril 2012
2Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the field of Marine and Polar Science and Technologythe Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Icelandthe Ministry for Foreign Affairs, ChinaApril 2012
3Memorandum of Understanding on Geothermal and Geosciences Cooperationthe Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Icelandthe Minister of Land and Resources of ChinaApril 2012
4Joint Declaration regarding a solar and silicon project in Icelandthe Government of IcelandChina National Bluestar Co. Ltd.April 2012
5Memorandum of Understanding on planning consultancy cooperationPromote Iceland China Development Bank CorporationApril 2012
6Agreement on utilisation on geothermal energy in China for heating of houses and production of electricityOrka Energy Ltd. China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group)April 2012
7Agreement on the formation of a joint centre for the exploration of the aurora borealis phenomena the Icelandic Centre for Research (RANNIS) the Polar Research Institute of China (PRIC) 2012

The China-Iceland Joint Aurora Observatory (CIAO) will be based at Karholl, Iceland. The aim of this research cooperation is to further the scientific understanding on solar-terrestrial interaction and space weather by conducting polar upper atmosphere observations, such as auroras, geomagnetic field variations and other related phenomena and outreach to the public.

Turkey (Download)

The diplomatic relations of both countries were established in 1971. While Bilateral Investment Treaty between both countries was signed in 1990, no intergovernmental S&T Agreement was signed so far. On the institutional level, Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey has established bilateral agreement with Ministry of Science of Technology, China (MoST).

No.NameTurkey OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Bilateral Cooperation ProgramScientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBITAK) Ministry of Science of Technology, China (MoST)(information not available)

The program aims to support joint projects in the framework of cooperation between the Turkish and Chinese scientists. In addition to the cooperation projects support TUBITAK-MoST overseas travel assistance.

Serbia (Download)

Since Serbian President paid a week-long state visit to China in August 2009, there have been several high-level official visits between China and Serbia. Both sides established officially a “Strategic Partnership” in 2009 to enhance bilateral cooperation between China and Serbia. Serbia has been seen as a decisive player in the Cooperation between China and Central and Estern European Countries (CEEC), which was initiated in 2012.

No.NameSerbia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Cultural CooperationGovernment of Republic of SerbiaGovernment of People's Republic of China2008
2Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation Government of the Republic of SerbiaGovernment of People's Republic of China2009

The Joint Committee meets every two years, the first session being held in 2011.

3Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the Field of Geology and Mining the Ministry of Natural Resources, Mining and Spatial Planning of the Republic of Serbiathe Ministry of Land and Resources of the People's Republic of China November 2013
4Memorandum on Establishment of Agricultural Science and Technology Network the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of the Republic of Serbiathe Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of ChinaAugust 2013

Israel (Download)

The diplomatic relations of both countries were established in 1992. Since then both countries have developed close relations in political, military, commercial, as well as cultural and scientific levels.

No.NameIsrael OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Cultural ExchangesGovernment of IsraelGovernment of People's Republic of ChinaMay 1993
2Memorandum of Understanding on Jointly Establishing a Chinese-Israeli International Centre for Training in AgricultureGovernment of IsraelGovernment of People's Republic of ChinaOctober 1994
3Agreement on Educational CooperationGovernment of IsraelGovernment of People's Republic of ChinaApril 2000
4Framework Agreement on Industrial and Technological Research and DevelopmentGovernment of IsraelGovernment of People's Republic of ChinaApril 2000
5Agreement on Industrial and Technological Research and Development in Jiangsu ProvinceGovernment of IsraelGovernment of People's Republic of ChinaSeptember 2008
6Agreement to Promote Industrial and Technological Research and Developmentthe Israeli Ministry of Industry and Tradethe Chinese Ministry of Science and TechnologyMay 2010
7Agreement on Scientific Cooperation Ministry of Science, Technology & Space, IsraelMinistry of Science and Technology, ChinaMay 1993

Since 1997 more than 30 joint research projects have taken place in a number of different fields such as:

  • advanced materials
  • agricultural biotechnology
  • biomedical engineering
  • water resources management
  • nanomaterials

The most recent phase of research projects includes eight projects on the topics of

  • water technologies
  • renewable energies

The call for proposals for 2012-2013 focuses on the following topics:

  • protein structure and activity related to programmed cell death
  • advanced innovative systems in nanomaterials
8China-Israel Cooperation Program for Industrial R&DIsraeli Industry Center for R&D (MATIMOP)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) 2010

The cooperation programme aims to support joint industrial R&D projects aimed at the development of products or processes leading to commercialization in the global market.

MATIMOP, on behalf of the OCS has established Industrial R&D Cooperation Programs with the following Chinese cities and provinces: Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Shandong, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Hong Kong

Latest: Shenzhen (China)-Israel 4th Call for Proposals, deadline 15th December 2015. 

2Joint Commission for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (Projects 2004-2006)Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)October 2004

10 projects were funded in Brussels, on the following areas:
– Space research
– Sustainable management of the environment
– Biotechnology
– Standardization
– Transport

3Joint Commission for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (Projects 2007-2010)Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)March 2007

At the 16th meeting of the Joint Commission in Beijing, 7 projects have been awarded funding to the following research areas:
– Product standards (food safety and construction)
– Medicine (nuclear medicine, evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine in terms of standards of Western medicine)
– Pandemics (bird flu, AIDS …)
– Cultural and Natural Heritage (methods of protection, restoration and digitization)
– Energy economy (buildings and transport)
– Space (cooperation through the STEREO program – satellite remote sensing applications – or as a partner in ESA programs)

4Joint Commission for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (Projects 2011-2013)Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2010

The Joint Commission held its 17th meeting in the framework of the World Expo. It was decided on this occasion to launch a call for proposals focusing on the following research areas:
– Climate change: modeling
Energy savings
– Animal diseases (pandemics)
– Food security (quality)
– Biodiversity (biodiversity and services provided by ecosystems)

5Bilateral research cooperationsResearch Foundation - Flanders (FWO)Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST)2009

FWO and MoST cooperate by funding joint research projects.

The cooperation programme for 2012 is limited to the following areas:

6Agreements for the funding of potential exchange projectsResearch Foundation - Flanders (FWO)National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)2005

This cooperation is focussed mainly on the exchange of young postdoctoral researchers and the organisation of joint seminars and conferences.  Other collaborative activities can be agreed upon by the researchers concerned. The research must be fundamental in nature, and fall within the remit of already subsidised projects.

7Exchange agreementResearch Foundation - Flanders (FWO)Various Chinese acedemies

To promote scientific collaboration, the FWO has signed bilateral agreements with the following institutes:

 

 

Czech Republic (Download)

Since Czech Republic and China built the diplomatic relations in 1949, both countries have signed agreements on cooperation in the fields of culture, science and technology.

No.NameCzech Republic OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (S&T)the Government of the Czech Republicthe Government of the People´s Republic of ChinaJune 1, 1995

The implementation bodies of the Agreement are the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports on the Czech side and the Ministry of Science and Technology on the Chinese side. The Czech-Chinese Joint Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation meets every 2 years.

2Agreement on cultural cooperationthe Government of the Czech Republicthe Government of the People´s Republic of China27 March 1957
3Agreement on cooperation in health and medical sciencesthe Government of the Czech Republicthe Government of the People´s Republic of China13 May 1988
4Agreement on Education Exchanges for the Years 2008 - 2011the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport of the Czech Republicthe Ministry of Education of the People´s Republic of China8 July 2008
5Protocol on Cultural Co-operation for the Years 2007 - 2011 the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republicthe Ministry of Culture of the People´s Republic of China22 April 2008
6Bilateral agreements Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR) different Chinese academies

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic has signed agreements with the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the China National Fund for Science (NSFC) to fund Czech researchers to travel to China.

7Czech-Chinese Centre for Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Ministry of Health of Czech RepublicMinistry of Health of the People's Republic of China2015

As a part of the additional program of the summit of Health Ministers of countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEEC) and China entitled Health Ministers Meeting 2015, the first Czech-Chinese Centre for Traditional Chinese Medicine Research was opened at the University Hospital Hradec Králové (UHHK) in East Bohemia.

8Czech – Chinese GD Nanodec R&D centreNAFIGATE Corporation from the Czech Republic Guodian Technology Environment Group Corporation Limited 2013

In the framework of a Czech – Chinese cooperation project in the field of nanofiber applications, a GD Nanodec research and development center was inaugurated in Future Technology City on 6 December 2013. The center was opened by both partners – NAFIGATE China / a subsidiary company of NAFIGATE Corporation from the Czech Republic /and  Guodian Technology Environment Group Corporation Limited / high-tech division of China Guodian Corporation – one of China’s largest energy companies. The aim of this collaboration is the development of nanofiber applications primarily for water and air cleaning and their fastest possible entry into the Chinese and global markets.

Denmark (Download)

In 1987 Denmark and China signed the Protocol of Science & Technology Cooperation (S&T). Since then, the cooperation between Denmark and China has been very active and numerous Memorandums of Understanding have been signed between both countries.

No.NameDenmark OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology (S&T) the Government of Denmarkthe Government of the People´s Republic of China1987
2Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on bilateral cooperation in science and technology the Danish Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (on behalf of the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark) the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (on behalf of the Government of the People' s Republic of China)25.09.2007

Priority fields of collaboration:

  • Biotechnology and Biomedicine, including traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)
  • Agricultural and Food Technology
  • Clean and Renewable Energy (esp. wind power, bio energy and fuel cells)
  • Nanoscience & technology
  • Health and TCM application
  • Information and Communication Technology
3Cooperation agreementthe Danish Energy Agency (DEA)China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC)23.02.2012

Cooperation areas:

  • CNREC will inivite DEA to have a seat in CNRECs Advisory Committee;
  • Both parties will provide and exchange information with each other regarding understanding and analyses of the possibilities for greentech companies and institutions in both countries;
  • DEA and CNREC will support each other with information and best-practice examples on development of renewable energy in the two countries and internationally;
  • In the 2012-14 start-up phase of CNREC the cooperation will be particularly intensive with financial support from the Sino-Danish RED Programme;
  • CNREC and DEA will arrange annual joint seminars on renewable energy;
  • CNREC and DEA will by the end of each year identify specific activies for next year’s cooperation. The two institutions will at the same time evaluate the current year’s cooperation;
  • CNREC and DEA will work for the involvement of other key institutions in the cooperation if it is relevant and fruitful for the quality of the cooperation;
  • A consolidated framework agreement for the next 3 years will be discussed and agreed upon before the end of 2014.
4Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of energy efficiencythe Danish Energy Agency (DEA) the National Energy Conservation Center of China24.04.2014

Areas of mutual interests:

  • To enhance exchange in policy studies in the field of energy efficiency and to discuss design and deployment of energy efficiency strategies at national and local levels;
  • To promote demonstration projects and push forward the demonstration and promotion of advanced technologies and experiences in the field of energy efficiency throughout China;
  • To share and exchange views on energy efficiency through capacity building experiences for energy efficiency-related institutions both in China and Denmark, focusing on research and development of activities like consultancy, training and seminars;
  • Actively carry out exchange of experiences with technologies in the field of energy efficiency and mutually recommend energy efficiency-related advanced information technologies, solutions and evealuation methods etc;
  • Jointly explore business and financing models in the field of energy efficiency and promote the implementation of energy saving projects through exchange of experiences with ESCO-models.
5Bilateral Agreementthe Danish Energy Technology Development and Demonstration programme (EUDP) the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)17.12.2012

Both parties agreed:

  • Without prejudice to national legislation to implement a joint call for proposals for enery technology development and demonstration projects;
  • The purpose of the call for proposals shall be to promote the use of renewable energy sources, technology development and a mutually beneficial cooperation between Sino-Danish organizations;
  • The call for proposals shall be limited to include projects within the priority technology areas of smart grids and wind energy, which could be further extended in the future cooperation.
6Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the area of energy research, development and demonstrationthe Ministry of Climate , Energy and Buildiung of the Kingdom of Denmarkthe Ministry of Science and Technology of the People´s Republic of China16.06.2012

High priority areas:

  • Investigating opportunities of seminars and workshops involving experts, scientists, the business sector and other relevant agencies;
  • Promoting potential research, development and pilot demonstration projects, particularly in the form of public-private partnerships (ppp);
  • Scoping opportunities for Establishment of a China-Denmark Innovation Center on renewable energy, energy efficiency and smart grid, which will serve as a stable platform for bilateral scientific and technological cooperation;
  • Scoping options of publicly funded research, development and demonstration programs in China and Denmark for joint initiatives of companies and research institutions from both countries, including focus on mutual guidance on procedures for public research and development funds, without prejudice to national legislation.
7Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the area of climate change and energy efficiencythe Ministry of Climate , Energy and Buildiung of the Kingdom of Denmarkthe National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of the People´s Republic of China24.06.2013

Areas of interest:

  • Low carbon and energy efficiency development plans;
  • Best practice in support schemes for green technology research, development, demonstration, test and certification;
  • Energy efficiency policy and best practice in promotion of energy efficiency, e.g. energy standards and labelling, energy saving schemes and measures of pricing and taxation of energy to reflect real cost to society including externalities;
  • Promotion of energy efficient and low carbon community, including efficient district energy, clean and smart solutions and partnerships in low carbon cities, low carbon industrial parks, buildings and energy efficient building materials;
  • Low carbon cities and buildings, including scoping opportunities for private sector incolvement in energy efficient demonstration building for NDRC Climate Centre;
  • GHG inventory and relevant capacity building;
  • Promoting best practice in renewable energy development, including but not limited to biomass, waste sources for renewable energy purposes, as well as wind power development;
  • Climate and energy efficiency related business, investment and R&D opportunies in both countries.
8Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the area of energy efficiency in buildingsthe Ministry of Climate , Energy and Buildiung of the Kingdom of Denmarkthe Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People´s Republic of China24.04.2014

High priority areas:

  • Development and promotion of energy efficiency in the building sector and measurement of energy use in relation to buildings;
  • Concepts for and examples of new and retrofitted low energy and sustainable buildings;
  • The regulation of energy efficient buildings as a drier for innovation;
  • Standards and minimum requirements for buildings components and materials, including energy and safety issues, including strategies for standard development;
  • Market suiveillance of standards for construction products;
  • Enforcement of standards and minimum requirement for building components and materials;
  • The possibility of collaboration on the establishment of a low energy demonstration building, will be explored, including an effort to motivate private companies’ economic participation;
  • Cooperation on energy efficient district heating, as a mean to ensure reliable, cheap and environmentally friendly heating in Chinese cities.
9Memorandum of Understanding establishing a China-Denmark Renewable Energy Partnershipthe Ministry of Climate , Energy and Buildiung of the Kingdom of DenmarkNational Energy Administration of the People´s Republic of China 24.04.2014

High priority areas:

  • Capacity building and mutual knowledge sharing regarding development of renewable energy and long term low carbon transition of energy systems;
  • Development of tools and methodologies for strategic policy research regarding renewable energy to promote renewable energy application in scale;
  • Development of sustainable energy system roadmap and the variable renewable energy technology roadmaps;
  • Strategic development of demonstration projects for promotions of wide renewable technology deployment in cities and towns, within power and heating, and distributed and scattered deployment, as well as promotion of offshore wind power cooperation and intelligent use of biomass for energy purposes;
  • Integration of high penetration of renewable energy into the electricity system and power system stability, as well as system and mechanism innovation by power sector structuring, improvement of incentive mechanisms and development of smart grid;
  • Strengthening the cooperation between Danish and Chinese companies, institutions and universities regarding development of renewable energy.

Germany (Download)

German-Chinese scientific and technological cooperation (STC) is based on the Intergovernmental Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation of 9 October 1978 (WTZ). Since then, Germany has established diverse bilateral agreements with China. Only the agreements on national level are listed here.

No.NameGermany OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (WTZ)Federal Republic of GermanyPeople’s Republic of China1978

Joint committees meet every two years.

2Joint declarations of intergovernmental consultationsFederal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2011, 2012

1. Life Science Platform
2. Innovation Platform
3. German-Chinese Research and Innovation Programme “Clean Water”
4. LED technology

3Joint declarations of intergovernmental consultationsFederal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)Ministry of Education (MoE)2011

1. German-Chinese alliance for vocational education and training (VET)

2. Funding of extensive cooperation projects and the establishment of a strategic partnership in higher education

4Joint declarations of intergovernmental consultationsFederal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)Chinese State Oceanic Administration (SOA)2012

Marine and polar research 

5Bilateral agreementGerman Research Foundation (DFG)National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)1988, 2004, 2005, 2014

Sino-German Center for Research Promotion

6Bilateral agreementGerman Research Foundation (DFG)Ministry of Education (MoE)2003
7Bilateral agreementGerman Research Foundation (DFG)Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)1981

Estonia (Download)

No.NameEstonia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technical cooperationGovernment of EstoniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of ChinaApril 20, 1992
2Agreement on Cultural, Educational and Scientific CooperationThe Government of the Republic of Estoniathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaSeptember 3, 1993

Both parties agreed on further development of their relations in the
fields of culture, education, science and sport. Please find the details in the original agreement (download).

3Cooperation Programme for the Years 2008-2012The Ministry of Education and Research of the Public of EstoniaThe Ministry of Education of the People´s Republic of China (MoE)October 13, 2008

Please find the details in the original agreement (download).

4Agreement on Mutual Recognition of Higher Education Qualificationsthe Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Estoniathe Ministry of Education of the People´s Republic of China (MoE)April 27, 2015

Please find the details in the original agreement (download).

Ireland (Download)

No.NameIreland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Cultural Cooperationthe Government of Irelandthe Government of People's Republic of ChinaMay 1985
2Agreement on Economic, Industrial, Scientific and Technological Cooperation the Government of Irelandthe Government of People's Republic of ChinaMay 1986
3Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperationthe Government of Irelandthe Government of People's Republic of ChinaSeptember 2000
4Strategic Partnership Agreement the Government of Irelandthe Government of People's Republic of ChinaMarch 2012

The two sides agree to make full use of the China-Ireland Economic and Scientific Joint Commission and provide a better service to facilitate exchanges and cooperation between businesses on both sides.

The two sides agree on furthering bilateral cooperation in the fields of science and technology, health and agriculture (food and agribusinesses), information and communications technologies, software, financial services and other important industries. The two sides will work together on an industrial-academic-research alliance for cooperation in life science.

5Memorandum of Understanding on Science and Innovation CooperationMinistry of Jobs Enterprise and Innovation, IrelandMinistry of Science and Technology, ChinaMarch 2012

Cooperative activities envisaged include exchange of scientific and technological information and data, exchange of scientists, researchers, technicians and trainees for visits, study tours and advanced studies, organization of bilateral scientific and technical meetings and joint research on projects of mutual interest.

 On 7th March 2013, Science and Innovation cooperation received up to € 1 million funding from Irish Government. This funding focused on a number of thematic areas of cooperation, including:

  • Agri-Food,
  • Nanotechnology
  • Biomedical diagnostics & therapeutics
  • ICT and Health
6Cooperation Agreement Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)2005

The last agreement signed in 2014 will allow for greater collaboration between both foundations in maintaining and developing co-operative activities in the fields of science and engineering, such as new research projects, exchange of researchers and bilateral workshops.

7International Strategic Collaboration Programme – China/Ireland (ISCP China)2013

China (ISCP China) aims to build research capacity between Irish and Chinese universities and knowledge-intense industries in the strategically important areas of ICT, biomedical science and nanotechnology. The main objectives of ISCP China are to:

  • Strengthen and extend the existing research relationships between Irish researchers, leading Chinese Institutions and key state laboratories through knowledge and people exchange.
  • Develop new China–Ireland partnerships focused on research excellence in our strategic thematic areas, that will prove competitive, sustainable and scaleable in international funding programmes.
  • Build greater cultural understanding between the research communities of the two countries as an important element of future research cooperation.
  • Utilise the experience of research collaboration with China to help Irish companies compete in the world’s second largest economy and to encourage foreign direct investment into Ireland for national economic benefit.
8China-Ireland Research consortium2012

The goal of China–Ireland Research is to build on individual strengths and consolidate interactions around a shared agenda in order to develop research and innovation collaborations in three key thematic areas: Agri-Food, ICT, Health and Energy. The principles underpinning the China–Ireland Research programme include:

  • Building credibility as a truly national programme.
  • Engaging with the best research teams in China, sending top-class Irish researchers to work with them.
  • Identifying and prioritising shared objectives between the consortium and Export Trade Council.
  • Delivering early success to build sustainability while ensuring long-term larger objectives are met.
9Memorandum of Understanding in relation to Fishery science and technology Marine Institute, Ireland Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences (CAFS)2012

The cooperation will include exchange of experts annually, submission of partner applications for European and international funding opportunities in marine research and technology and participation in programmes focused on education and raising awareness of the marine environment.

Greece (Download)

Agreement on S&T Cooperation was signed in Beijing on November 15, 1979 between the Government of the Hellenic Republic and the Government of the People’s Republic of China. With the adopted open policies and the rapid development of economy in China, the Sino-Hellenic cooperation and exchange in science and technology has developed smoothly and rapidly.

No.NameGreece OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (S&T)the Government of the Hellenic Republic the Government of People´s Republic ChinaNovember 15, 1979

Since 1984, joint committee meetings have been held every two to three years. Sino-Hellenic governmental science and technology cooperation mainly classified in many areas, i.e.,

  • cooperation in the fields of forest and olive trees plantation.
  • the health science cooperation;
  • environment;
  • Olympic weather services, etc.
2Official Announcement of Scientific and Technological Cooperation (S&T)the Government of the Hellenic Republic the Government of the People's Republic of ChinaJanuary 19, 2012
The indicative volume of funding for the Transnational Cooperation programme between Greece and China amounts to 10 million Euros, while the budget of each project will not exceed 400,000 Euros. and its maximum duration will not exceed three years.

Spain (Download)

No.NameSpain OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on scientific and tehnological cooperationKingdom of SpainPeople’s Republic of China1985
2Bilateral Spanish-Chinese Program for Technological Cooperation (Chineka) The Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology (CDTI)High Technology Industry Development Center of China (TORCH)2003

Renewed annually

The Bilateral Spanish-Chinese Program for Technological Cooperation (Chineka) promotes international technological cooperation between entities in Spain and China, through projects led by companies with the goal of promoting the competitiveness of Spanish and Chinese company, by fomenting and supporting the execution of joint technological projects oriented towards the development and/or adaptation of new products, processes or services intended for international markets.

3Memorandum of Understanding on scientific and technological cooperationMinistry of Economy and Competitiveness (former Ministry of Science and Innovation)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2011

The second Chinese-Spanish High-Level Commission (MOST – MINECO) for the follow up of the MoU
signed in 2011 was held in Madrid in 2013. The following priority areas were defined:
1. Environment (including water-related issues)
2. Energy
3. Health
4. Biotechnologies
5. Information and Communication Technologies as a cross-cutting issue across the aforementioned subjects.

France (Download)

The general agreement on science and technology cooerpation between France and China was signed in October 1978. Since then numbers of intergovernmental as well as institutional agreements have been signed.

No.NameFrance OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1General agreement on scientific and technology cooperationFrench governmentChinese government1978
2Cooperation agreement on the development of nuclear energy for peaceful purposesFrench governmentChinese government1997
3Cooperation agreement on intellectual propertyFrench governmentChinese government1998
4Agreement regarding prevention and fight against emerging infectious diseasesFrench governmentChinese government2004
5Cooperation protocol on Traditional Chinese MedicineFrench governmentChinese government2007
6Dialog on InnovationFrench governmentChinese government2013
7Bilateral agreementMinistry of Higher Education and Research (MESR)Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) 2011

Six priorities of cooperation have been defined:

  • Green chemistry and technology ;
  • New energies ;
  • Life sciences – emerging infectious diseases ;
  • Advanced materials ;
  • Information and communication technologies and smart cities ;
  • Sustainable development, biodiversity, management of water.
8Bilateral agreementFrench funding agency (ANR)National Natural Science Foundation (NFSC)2008

ANR and NSFC agreed on publishing joint calls for proposal every year:

 

9Bilateral AgreementFrench funding agency (ANR)Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST)2009
  • Programme on microbial genomics (Metagenomics), 2007
  • ECO-TS programme (Ecotechnologies), 2010-2011, 2013
10Bilateral cooperationsNational Center for Scientific Research, France (CNRS) Diverse Chinese organizations
  • China Academy of Science, CAS – 1978
  • Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources – 1986
  • China National Foundation of Natural Sciences, NSFC – 1994
  • China Academy of Social Sciences, CASS – 1995
  • Ministry of Science and Technology, MOST – 2007
  • Ministry of Education, MOE – 2009
  • China Earthquake Administration, CEA – 2009
11ZHANG Heng ProgrammeFrench embassy2011

This programme grants young French scientists or engineers a short trip in China to meet potential partners.

Objective : giving a better knowledge of Chinese science

12XU Guangqi ProgrammeFrench Embassy2012

Call for elementary research proposals, open to French and Chinese joint teams wishing to start a cooperation

13CAI Yuanpei ProgrammeFrench Ministries of Foreign Affairs and of Higher Education and ResearchChinese Ministry of Education (MoE)2013

French-Chinese funded call for proposals, involving co-direction PhD students and post-doc mobility

Objective: To develop high standards scientific and technological exchanges between labs of both countries

 

14COOPOL InnovationFrench clustersChinese science and technology parks2008

Fostering cooperation between French clusters and Chinese science and technology parks

Objective: Grants a French innovative SME and its academic partner a one week’s program to discover China and find out potential R&D partners

Italy (Download)

The intergovernmental Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between Italy and China was signed in 1978. Within this framework, Executive Programmes were signed for every two to three years. The CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche) has various bilateral agreements with Chinese Institutions.

No.NameItaly OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological cooperationGoverment of Italian RepublicPeople´s Republic of ChinaOctober 6th, 1978
2Executive Programme of scientific and technological cooperation for the years 2010-2012Ministry of Foreign AffairsMinistry of Science and Technology (MoST)2009

Calls for proposal were launched in the course of 2009 to collect bilateral research projects in the following priority areas:
– Agriculture and Food Safety
– Aerospace Activities and Physics
– Energy and Environment
– Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine
– Natural Risks Prevention
– Technologies for Cultural Heritage Preservation

3Executive Programme of scientific and technological cooperation for the years 2013-2015Ministry of Foreign AffairsMinistry of Science and Technology (MoST)2013

A joint call for proposal was launched between July 10th and the September 30th, 2012 to collect proposals for Exchange of Reserachers and for Projects of Particular Relevance, in the following priority areas:
– Applied Basic Sciences (Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics)
– Biotechnology and Medicine
– Energy and Environment
– Information Communication Technology
– Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials

– Space and Aeronautics
– Technology Applied to Cultural Heritage

4Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)1988

– Joint research projects and connected exchange of scientists;

– Organization of bilateral scientific and technological workshops on problems of interests of both parties;

– Exchange of information on policies and practices of both parties

5Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS)1995

The cooperation includes mainly Joint research projects and other cooperative activities.

6Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF)2011

The cooperation includes mainly Joint research projects and other cooperative activities.

7Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)2013

The cooperation includes mainly Joint research projects and other cooperative activities.

8Bilateral agreements of Scientific and Technological CooperationNational Research Council (CNR)Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage (CACH)2014

The cooperation includes mainly Joint research projects and other cooperative activities.

9Memorandum of Understanding on Clean Coal Technology including CCS and Ultra-Supercritical Coal-fired Power Plants TechnologiesMinistry for the Environment, Land and Sea (IMELS) Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MOST)May 5, 2008

Under this framework of cooperation, the first workshop was held in Beijing in December 2008. In April 2009, the Department of International Cooperation of MOST organized a delegation composed of Chinese entreprineurs and experts on CCS to Italy. In September 2009, “Agreement on Clean Coal Technology including CCS and Ultra-Supercritical Coal-fired Power Plants Technologies” was signed by the ministers of both ministries.

Lithuania (Download)

No.NameLithuania OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on cooperation in the fields of science and technologiesGovernment of the Republic of LithuaniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of ChinaApril 1992

The agreement on scientific-technological cooperation includes following measures:

  • Exchange of scientific delegations, individual scientists and specialists;
  • Exchange of scientific-technological information and documentation, samples of the materials and products, know-how and licences;
  • Organization of scientific-technological symposiums and scientific conferences;
  • Implementation of joint projects and scientific works, as well as Exchange of the results of researches and scientific works;
  • Other scientific-technological cooperation methods, mutually agreed.
2Agreement on cooperation in the field of cultureGovernment of the Republic of LithuaniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of ChinaApril 1992

The agreement on cooperation in the field of culture includes the following measures:

  • Exchange of scientists, teachers, specialists for lectures or study visits;
  • Granting scholarships according to the needs and possibilities of the other side;
  • Support of the direct contacts and cooperation between the universities of both countries;
  • Support and promotion of the participation of scientists and specialists participation in the science conferences held in both countries.
3Agreement on recognizing academic qualificationsMinstry of Education and Science of Lithuania Ministry of Education of ChinaApril 2015

The agreement is of great importance for the cooperation among the science and education institutions of the two states; it will encourage academic exchange and will allow strengthening cooperation in the fields of education and science.

Luxembourg (Download)

No.NameLuxembourg OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement for Cultural CooperationGovernment of Grand Duchy of LuxembourgGovernment of People’s Republic of China1979

Five implementation plans for cultural exchanges signed between 1983 and 2000. However, the bilateral agreements in scientific and technological cooperation mainly exit on the university level.

Hungary (Download)

In 2002 the Government of Hungary and the Government of People’s Republic of China signed Agreement on Scientific & Technological Cooperation (S&T). China is an increasingly important partner to Hungary, not only in economic terms, but also in scientific and technological cooperation.

No.NameHungary OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific & Technological Cooperation (S&T)Government of the Republic of HungaryGovernment of the People’s Republic of China2002

The Joint Committee meeting held biannually, is to discuss new possibilities of collaboration in the fields of science, technology and innovation. During the last meeting in 2015, both parties agreed to support 36 projects from the jointly financed Science and Technology Funds. As for future cooperation

  • the parties intend to focus on large scale research projects that may be utilized in high-tech industries,
  • as well as installing joint research and development laboratories,
  • especially in the
    • healthcare industry
    • vehicles industry
    • material sciences
    • biotechnology
    • agriculture and energetics.
2Agreement on Scientific Cooperationthe Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS)Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)1984

In 2014, both parties agreed on developing a “Modern China and Hungary” researchers’ cooperation with the aim of integrating researchers involved in Chinese/Hungary studies and researchers with Chinese/Hungary research interests.

 

3Cooperation Agreementthe Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (IE HAS) Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (IE CASS) 25.06.2007

The parties agreed on implementing their cooperation through the following means:

  • Regular exchange of detailed information on research projects of mutual interest
  • Organization of joint conferences and workshops
  • Providing opportunities for inviting individual researcher.

Areas of mutual interest:

  • Regional disparities and transformation (SOEs,, privatization, joint ventures, private investment, labor market issues)
  • Social safety networks and transformation (pension, unemployment benefits, healthcare)
  • International trade and development (trade and investment flows between China and its main trading partners and their impact on the regional economy; the role of multinational companies in China’s industrial development and exports; the scope and chances of regional financial cooperation in East Asia).
4Agreement on establishment of joint laboratoriesthe Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS)Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) 2014

Both parties agreed on establishing joint laboratories, based on the existing exchange of relevant institutions and a strong need to collaborate in designated fields of common interest

5Joint fund the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) Ministry of Science and Technology, China (MoST)
  • Research mobility
  • Market-oriented research

Investment: EUR 700 000/2ys/country

Netherlands (Download)

The Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science has a long-standing history of over 30 years of exchange and collaboration with China in the fields of education and science.

No.NameNetherlands OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Bilateral agreement on scientific and technological cooperation Kingdom of the Netherlands People’s Republic of China and12 April 1999

Joint Statement on the Strenghtening of Bilateral Cooperation between their Ministers of Foreign Affairs in 2007 and 2014

2Memorandum of Understanding on scientific cooperation and exchangeThe Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of the NetherlandsThe Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)August 2011

The following research programmes will be realised within the framework of this Memorandum:

  • China Exchange Programme (CEP)
  • Joint Scientific Thematic Research Programme (JSTP)
3Memorandum of Understanding on educational and scientific cooperation and exchangeThe Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of the NetherlandsThe Ministry of Education of the People´s Republic of China (MoE)30. August 2011

The Signatories dedicated themselves to the reinforcement of the cooperation in education by stimulating inter alia the following initiatives:

  • Exchange of Dutch and Chinese Government Scholoarships;
  • Mobility of students and staff between the two countries;
  • Educational collaboration between institutions of higher and vocational education in China and the Netherlands;
  • Accessiblity to and exchange of educational information and experiences;
  • Encouragement of cooperation in language teaching.
4Memorandum of Understanding on scientific cooperation and exchangeMinistry of Education, Culture and Science of the NetherlandsMinistry of Science and Technology (MOST)01. September 2011

The Signatories dedicated themselves to the reinforcement of scientifc cooperation by stimulation inter alia the following initiatives:

  • Cooperation between scientific organisations, institutions, universities and other institutions for scientific research in the Netherlands and China;
  • Intensification of existing contacts between scientific research organisations, institutions and universities;
  • Mobility of scientific researchers, especially young scholars and PhD candidates between the two countries.
5Memorandum of Understanding on scientific cooperation and exchangeMinistry of Education, Culture and Science of the NetherlandsChinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)31. August. 2011

The Signatories dedicated themselves to the reinforcement of scientifc cooperation by stimulation inter alia the following initiatives:

  • Cooperation between scientific organisations, institutions, universities and other institutions for scientific research in the Netherlands and China;
  • Intensification of existing contacts between scientific research organisations, institutions and universities;
  • Mobility of scientific researchers between the two countries
  • Exchange of PhD-candidates and post-docs between the two countries.
6Memorandum of UnderstandingThe Royal Netherlands Academy for Arts and Sciences (KNAW) & The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)The china Scholarship Council (CSC)08. Sept. 2009

The primary focus of this programme is for selected students from Chinese institutions to take full PhD study at Dutch universities and research institutions facilicated by KNAW and NWO in the Netherlands in the context of the “Talent & Training China-Netherlands programme”.

Austria (Download)

The main funders in the public R&D domains are: the Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth (BMWFJ), the Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) and the Ministry of Science and Research (BMWF), while the main funding agencies are the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), the Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) and the Austria Business Service (AWS). While FWF mainly covers basic research and funds academia, the FFG is responsible for cooperative R&D funding and provides funds dedicated mainly to applied research and thematic oriented R&D programmes.

No.NameAustria OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (WTZ)the Republic of Austriathe People´s Republic China1984

Joint committees meet every two years.

In Austria this program is financed by the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy (BMWFW) The administrative management of the programme is provided by the Centre for International Cooperation and Mobility (ICM) of the Austrian Exchange Service (OeAD).

2CSC-FWF Scholarship ProgrammeAustrian Science Fund (FWF)China Scholarship Council (CSC)

The programme addresses Chinese PhD and Postdoc students who are eligible for a scholarship with the China Scholarship Council (CSC) and intend to pursue their PhD or Postdoc studies fully or partly in Austria in an excellent research environment.

3Memorandum of UnderstandingAustrian Science Fund (FWF)National Natural Science Foundation (NSFC)
4Bilateral agreementFederal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT)Ministry of Railways (MOR)2004
5Memodarum of Understanding on Technology-related CooperationFederal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT)China National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)2010

Cooperation in the field of infrastructure

 

 

6Memorandum of Understanding on technology-specific CooperationFederal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) China Ministry of Transport (MOT)2011

Cooperation in the field of Road, Civil Aviation, Coastal and Inland Waterway Transport and Related Infrastructure Development

7Bilateral agreementFederal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)

Establishing a working group for cooperation in the green technology field

8Bilateral cooperationThe Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) Shanghai University2014

Joint call on nanotechnology

9Memorandum of understanding (MoU)The Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth (BMWFJ)National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)2006

Cooperation in the field of energy efficiency and environmental protection

10Memorandum of understanding (MoU)The Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth (BMWFJ)Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)2011

Establishing a working group for energy efficiency and environmental protection in the economic and trade area

11Sino-Austrian joint research centers
  • Sino-Austrian Diagnosis, Treatment and Research Center of Cardiovascular Diseases, Nanjing China, since 2010
  • China-Austria Center for Research and Innovation in Logistics, Supply Chain Management and Material Flow, Beijing, China, since 2009
  • Austria-China Research Center on Tunnel and Underground Engineering, Shanghai, China, since 2007
  • Sino-Austrian Collaborating Center for Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, since 2007
  • Sino-Austrian Research Centre for Environmental Protection, Yangling, China, since 2007
  • Sino-Austrian Biomarker Research Centre, Beijing, China, since 2006
  • Sino-Austrian Center for Media and Marketing, Shanghai, China, since 2004

Poland (Download)

The first agreement of cooperation between the Government of Poland and China was signed in the field of agriculture, electronics, mining, energy and fishery, in 1988. Since then, a mumber of important bilateral agreements were signed mainly during high-ranking official visits of both countries.

No.NamePoland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on cooperation in the fields of agriculture, electronics, mining, energy and fisherythe Government of the Republic of Polandthe Government of the People’s Republic of China1988
2Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperationthe Government of the Republic of Polandthe Government of the People’s Republic of China13 April 1995

Under the framework of this agreement, the Poland-China Meeting of Scientific and Technological Cooperation Committee was held regularly.

On 21. November 2012, the 35th Session was held in Beijing. Both parties selected 38 projects in accordance with priority fields for S&T cooperation of both countries, including energy, urbanization, environment, biotechnology, etc.

3Agreement on cooperation in the area of higher education the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Polandthe Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China20 December 2011

Both parties agreed on cooperation in the following areas:

  • Educating students and PhD students, as well as improving skills of academic teachers,
  • Scientific research and promotion of teaching the Polish and Chinese languages,
  • Supporting direct cooperation between higher education institutions in the area of the exchange of academic teachers, as well as classes and scientific research conducted by the above-mentioned teachers,
  • Exchange of experience, information and didactic materials in the field of planning, development and management of the higher education, as well as other issues concerning organization of the educational process in higher education institutions.

Slovenia (Download)

No.NameSlovenia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological ooperation Government of the Republic of SloveniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of China1993

Joint Committee meets every two years and is responsible for approving jointly funded projects.

In accordance of the Protocol of the 9th Session of the Joint Commission, Call for Proposal in the years of 2014-2015 was opened for the following areas:

  • natural sciences and mathematics;
  • engineering;
  • biotechnical sciences;
  • medical sciences;
  • social sciences;
  • humanities
2Agreement on Scientific CooperationSlovenian Academy of Sciences and ArtsSlovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts2003

The cooperation covers mostly the exchange of visits and is open to all scientists in all research institutes under CASS and to all scientists in all research institutes and universities in Slovenia.

Finland (Download)

In 1984 Finland and China signed the Cultural Agreement and in 1986 the Science & Technology Cooperation (S&T) Agreement. Since then, the cooperation between Finland and China has been very active and further Memorandum of Understandings (MoU) have been signed.

No.NameFinland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (S&T)Ministry of Employment and the Economy of Finland (MEE)Ministry of Science and Technology(MOST)17. September 1986

Based on the bilateral agreements listed here, several innovation centres have been established:

2Record of Discussion for the Ministerial Meeting on Scientific and Technological Cooperation Ministry of Trade and Industry, Finland Ministry of Science and Technology, China (MoST)25. January 2007
3Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental CooperationMinistry of Employment and the Economy (MEE)National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)2007
4Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of the Eco-Working Group Ministry of Employment and the Economy (MEE)Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)2010
5Memorandum of Understanding on Promotion of the Establishment of the China-Finland Innovation Center Ministry of Employment and the Economy (MEE)Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)2010
6Memorandum of Understanding on the Nano Innovation Center Ministry of Employment and the Economy (MEE)Ministry of Science and Technology, China (MoST)2011
7Cultural Agreement the Government of Finlandthe Government of People's Republic of China1984
8Memorandum of Understanding of Building a Strategy Dialogue SystemMinistry of Education and Culture (OKM)Ministry of Education (MoE)11. November 2009
9Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the fields of culture, education, science, youth and sportthe Government of Finlandthe Government of the People’s Republic of China26 March 2010
10Letter of Intent aiming at promoting the cooperation in the field of science and researchMinistry of Education and Culture (OKM), Finland Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST), China30 November 2011
11Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) Ministry of Education and Culture (OKM)Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China (CASS)31 October 2014
12Memorandum of Understanding on Cultural Exchange and Cooperation in 2015Ministry of Education and Culture (OKM)Ministry of Culture, China (MoC)18 November 2014
13Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of Cultural CentersMinistry of Education and Culture (OKM)Ministry of Culture, China (MoC)12 June 2015
14Memorandum of Understanding on strengthening comprehensive cooperation on education Ministry of Education and Culture (OKM)Ministry of Education (MoE)12 June 2015
15Memorandum of Understanding for cooperationthe Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (Tekes)the Department of International Cooperation of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, China2013

Project “Beautiful Beijing” aims at conducting a Sino-Finnish joint project to gain common actions to be taken to improve the living conditions, especially the air quality in Beijing. Five sectors for cooperation:

  • Energy Production and Distribution technologies;
  • Buildings and Construction;
  • Traffic and Transportation;
  • Major industrial sectors, energy efficiency in whole process;
  • Air Quality Monitoring and Analysis.

Sweden (Download)

Among Scandinavian countries, Sweden has taken an active role towards China R&D&I cooperation. These two countries signed intergovernmental Trade Agreement already in 1950s, while the official Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement was signed only in 2004.

No.NameSweden OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden the Government of the People’s Republic of China2012

Forms of the cooperative activities may include:

  • Meetings of various forms, such as those of experts, to discuss and exchange information on scientific and technological aspects of general or specific subjects and to identify research and development projects and programmes that may be usefully undertaken on a cooperative basis;
  • Exchange of information on activities, policies, practices, and laws and regulations concerning research and development;
  • Visits and exchanges of scientists, technical personnel, or
  • other experts on general or specific subjects;
  • Implementation of mutually agreed cooperative projects and programmes; and
  • Other forms of cooperative activities as may be mutually agreed.
2International Cooperation with Actors in China for Eco-Innovation Vinnova – Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems and Swedish Energy Agency (STEM)Ministry of Science and Technology, China (MoST)2012-2013

Priority areas:

  • Environmental technology
  • Sustainable urban development
  • Fossil-free vehicle fleet
  • Power systems handling renewable electricity production
  • Energy efficiency in buildings
  • Increased use of bioenergy
  • Energy efficiency in the industry sector

A comprehensive analysis about this programme is available online.

UK (Download)

A formal Science and Technology Agreement between the UK and Chinese Governments was signed in 1978. Since then, formal Science and Technology Joint Commission talks have been constituted, with the first event taking place in London in December 1999.

No.NameUK OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperationUnited Kingdom People´s Republic China1978

This includes a Science and Technology protocol which sets out, but does not bind either side to, a list of priority areas for co-operation. This Protocol was updated during the visit of the Minister for Science to China in September 1998. Since then, formal Science and Technology Joint Commission talks have been constituted, with the first event taking place in London in December 1999.

2Joint statement from the governementsGovernment of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandGovernment of the People's Republic of ChinaJune 2014
  • Both sides see great value in cooperation between institutions of higher learning, primary and secondary schools, as well as exchanges among students and researchers.
  • Both sides attach importance to the China-UK Joint Scientific Innovation Fund, and will enable research and innovation in key areas which are priorities for both countries: health, environmental technologies, food and water, urbanisation, energy and education.
3Newton UK-China Research and Innovation Partnership FundVarious institutionsVarious institutions 2014

The Newton Fund is part of the UK’s official development assistance. China is one of the 15 partner countries. UK Government funding in China: £20 million per year.

Switzerland (Download)

The Intergovernmental Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between Swiss Confederation and People´s Republic of China was signed on 24. February 1989. As stated in the Foreign Policy Report for 2009, China is now one of the priority countries for Switzerland, with which Switzerland decided to develop and expand privileged relation.

No.NameSwitzerland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological CooperationSwiss ConfederationPeople´s Republic China24. February 1989
2Memorandum of Understanding for the strengthening of the scientific and technological cooperationFederal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)21. November 2003
3Memorandum on Higher Education CooperationFederal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA)Ministry of Education (MoE)2012

The memorandum concerns the promotion of academic exchange programmes for young researchers through government scholarships, cooperation between higher education institutions. Young academics from both countries can apply via the existing channels: the Federal Commission for Scholarships for Foreign Students (FCS), which awards several types of post graduate scholarship to foreign academics and artists, and the China Scholarship Council (CSC). 

4Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)Swiss State Secretariat for Education and Research (SER)Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2003

The Sino-Swiss Science and Technology Cooperation (SSSTC) program was established based on the memorandum of understanding (MoU). After the last meeting in 2012, the working group decided to sponsor 20 joint research projects over the next four years (2013-2016).

The collaboration contains:

1. Joint Research Projects (JRP)

2. Funding instruments managed by ETH Zurich as Leading House (LH) and University of Zurich as Associated Leading House (ALH)

  • Exchange Grants (EG)
  • Stepping Stone Symposia or other Workshops
  • Research-innovation Communities (RiC)
  • Follow-up Grants (FU)

Swissnex China can give more detail information about SSSTC Programme.

Portugal (Download)

The sci-tech cooperation between China and Portugal has long been vibrant. In 1993, China and Portugal signed an agreement on scientific and technological cooperation and initiated long-term bilateral cooperation and mutual assistance in science and education.

No.NamePortugal OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Intergovernmental agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (S&T)Portuguese RepublicPeople´s Republic China1993
2Joint Statement on Scientific and Technological CooperationPortuguese RepublicPeople´s Republic of China2006
3Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Scientific and Technological InnovationMinistry of Education and Science of PortugalMinistry of Science and Technology (MoST)2013

Established on the MoU, an international science and technology cooperation center “China-Portugal Joint Innovation Center on Advanced Materials” officially settled at Zhejiang University.

Calls for joint project proposals were launched in 2013 in research areas of:

  • Biomedical Materials
  • Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials
  • Sustainable Materials
  • Materials for Energy
4Sino-Portuguese Programme of Cooperation in Science & Technology the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), Ministry of Education and Science of Portugal Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST)2012

Projects for financial support in the following key fields are available under the programme:

  • Cellular, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology;
  • Materials Science, including Nano Technology;
  • Health Sciences;
  • Agricultural Sciences;
  • Clean Energy

 

Norway (Download)

Since the 1980s China and Norway have signed several agreements on cooperation in science & technology and environmental protection, as well as the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of China and Norway on Protection of Intellectual Properties.

No.NameNorway OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology (S&T)Govemment of the Kingdom of Norway Government of the People' s Republic of ChinaSince 1980s

Agreement on S&T cooperation signed in 2008 included the following forms of the cooperative activities:

  • Meetings of various forms, such as those of experts, to discuss and exchange information on scientific and technological aspects of general or specific subjects and to identify research and development projects and programmes that may be usefully undertaken on a cooperative basis;
  • Exchange of information on activities, policies and practices concerning research and development;
  • Visits and exchanges of scientists, technical personnel, graduate students, scholars or other experts on general or specific subjects;
  • and other forms of cooperative activities, such as the establishment of joint R & D centers, as may be mutually agreed.
2Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in educationMinistry of Education and Research of the Kingdom of Norway Ministry of Education (MoE) of People´s Republic of ChinaNovember 3, 2008

Annual meeting

The agreement signed in 2008 included the following forms of the cooperative activities:

  • High -level Dialogue —Annual Meetings;
  • Mutual Visits and Personnel Exchanges;
  • High-level Talents Training;
  • Joint Research;
  • Cooperation in Language Teaching and Cultural Studies;
  • Exchange and Transparency of Information;
  • Mutual Recognition of Academic Degrees and Qualifications;
  • and other forms of cooperative activities.
3Norwegian Programme for Research Cooperation with China (CHINOR)The Research Council of Norway (RCN)different Chinese institutions

The thematic priorities at start up are climate change, climate technology, environment and welfare.

Some objectives of the CHINOR programme are:

  • To strengthen bilateral research cooperation with China;
  • To establish long-term cooperation on research funding with Chinese governmental research funding bodies;
  • To foster relations with China through cooperation with EU and Nordic countries as well as multilateral organisations in which China and Norway are partners;
  • To build new capacity, increase dissemination and promote the establishment of new research cooperation between China and Norway;
  • To lay the foundation for increased cooperation with China in all thematic areas and scientific fields, and encompassing basic research, applied research and innovation. Efforts will be made to ensure the involvement of trade and industry, universities and university colleges, as well as research institutes in both countries.
4Mobility Programme The Research Council of Norway (RCN)National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)

Objectives:

The NSFC programme shall contribute to establish and expand contact between Norwegian and Chinese research institutions.

Types of funding:

  • Exchange of researchers (individual scholarships)
  • Joint research projects and scientific seminars
5Specialist exchange programmethe Research Council of Norway (RCN)China Scholarship Coucil (CSC)

Objectives:

The Norwegian Government scholarships under the Cultural Agreement with China aim to establish and expand academic and cultural contact between Chinese and Norwegian individuals and between institutions of education and research.

Subject fields and thematic priorities:

The scholarships are open to all areas of academic studies and research, including applied and performing arts.

Bulgaria (Download)

Bulgaria was the second country in the world to recognize China in 1949, and over the last years both countries established an all-round friendly partnership in order to cement the traditional friendship and promote comprehensive bilateral cooperation. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences has established bilateral cooperations with different Chinese academies.

No.NameBulgaria OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Bilateral agreement on scientific cooperationBulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS) The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)2000

In the latest agreement signed in April 2015, both parties agreed on promoting academic cooperation in the fields of social sciences and humanities between Chinese and Bulgarian researchers. The cooperation will be carried out through joint research projects [1]. The main areas are [2]:

  • literature;
  • philosophy;
  • history;
  • economics;
  • law and
  • social sciences, international studies.
2Agreement on scientific cooperation the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS)the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)1986

Agreement signed:1986
Updated:2002
Validity:open-ended
Joint Projects:4
Quota:10 weeks

Croatia (Download)

Croatia signed the Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation with China in 1994 . Since the joint committee was built in 1997, seven sessions of meetings have been held in total, with the last session held in June 15. 2015. Besides the agreements on scientific and technological cooperation, programme on cooperation in the fields of culture and education has been established since 1998, which has been renewed every three years. The Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of Croatia represents the Croatian party, while the Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Education of China the Chinese parties. In May 2014, the Chinese-Croatian International Research Center for Environmental Protection was established in the National Park of Plitvice.

No.NameCroatia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (S&T)Government of the Republic of CroatiaGovernment of the People's Republic of China11.04.1994

Since the joint committee was built in 1997, seven sessions of meetings have been held in total, with the last session held in June 15. 2015.

2Programme on Co-operation in the Field of Culture Government of the Republic of CroatiaGovernment of the People's Republic of China 27.02.1998

Programme is renewed every three years.

Cyprus (Download)

Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established in 1971. In parallel to the political relations, both countries have signed bilateral agreements on scientific, technological and cultural cooperation.

No.NameCyprus OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Cultural Agreement the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and the Government of the People’s Republic of China7 July 1980
2Agreement on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperationthe Government of the Republic of Cyprusthe Government of the People’s Republic of China29 June 1984
3Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Public Health and Medical Sciencethe Government of the Republic of Cyprusthe Government of the People’s Republic of China15 January 1999
4Plan of Cooperation in the Fields of Health and Medical Sciences for the years 2010-2015the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Cyprusthe Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China30 November 2010
5Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental Cooperationthe Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment of the Republic of Cyprusthe State Environmental Protection Administration of the People’s Republic of China21 November 2007
6Cooperation Agreement on the Fields of Higher Education and Sciencethe Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Cyprusthe Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China20 April 2012

Latvia (Download)

The bilateral co-operation between Latvia and People's Republic of China has been successfully developing in different fields: politics, economics, culture and education.

No.NameLatvia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement on Scientific and Technological CooperationGovernment of the Republic of Latvia Government of People's Republic of China1996
2Agreement on cooperation in the field of culture educationGovernment of the Republic of Latvia Government of People's Republic of China1996

To encourage and support exchanges and co-operation between the relevant departments and institutions of the two countries in the fields of culture, education, social science, public health, sports, publication, the press, broadcasting, television and films.
The two Contracting parties agree to undertake the following programme of exchanges and co-operation in the field of education:
1. Exchange of visits and study and lecture tours by teachers, scholars, and specialists according to needs and possibilities;
2. Grant scholarships to each other’s students according to needs and possibilities;
3. Facilitate and support the establishment of direct contacts and co-operation between institutions of higher learning of the two countries;
4. Exchange of educational delegations for the purpose of studying each others education;
5. Encourage the exchange of textbooks and other educational books and materials between the educational institutions of the two countries;
6. Facilitate the attendance by scholars or specialists of each other’s country at international academic conferences held in the other country.
The two Contracting parties agree to strengthen contacts and co-operation between sports organisations of the two countries and to encourage these organisations and sports associations to organise friendly visits and competitions.
Furthermore the Parties agree to undertake a programme of exchanges in the field of social sciences including the exchange of visits and lecture tours by social scientists and relevant materials.

Malta (Download)

Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established in 1972. In parallel to the political relations, both countries have signed bilateral agreements on scientific, technological and cultural cooperation.

No.NameMalta OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Agreement concerning Co-operation in the Field of Traditional Chinese Medicine the Ministry of Health, Care for the Elderly and Family Affairs of the Republic of Maltathe Ministry of Public Health of the People's Republic of ChinaApril 1995
2Agreement on Co-operation in the Fields of Health and Medicinethe Government of the Republic of Maltathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaApril 1998
3Executive Programme on Cultural Cooperation for the Years 1998/2000the Government of the Republic of Maltathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaSeptember 1998
4Executive Programme on Cultural Co-operation for the Years 2001/2003the Government of Maltathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaJuly 2001
5Memorandum of Understanding on the Setting up of a Cultural Centerthe Government of Malta the Government of the People's Republic of ChinaJuly 2001
6Plan of Cooperation in the Fields of Health and Medicine the Ministry of Health of Malta the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China for the Years 2002-2004June 2002
7Agreement concerning Co-operation in the Field of Traditional Chinese Medicinethe Ministry of Health of Maltathe Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of ChinaJune 2002
8Memorandum on Cooperationthe Ministry of Education of Maltathe Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of ChinaJune 2002
9Agreement on Science and Technological Co-operationthe Government of Maltathe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaOctober 2002
10Agreement on Educational Co-operation for the period 2002-2005the Government of Malta the Government of ChinaOctober 2002
11Memorandum of Understanding on a medium-term cooperation (2014-2019)the Government of the Republic of Malta the Government of the People’s Republic of China2014

Both parties agree on promoting cooperation in the area of science and technology. The parties shall promote contacts and exchanges between public and private research institutions and universities in their respective countries, and shall activate the Joint Commission on Science and Technology envisaged under the 2002 Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation. The parties agreed that the Malta Council for Science & Technology and China’s Ministry of Science and Technology shall hold a meeting of the said Joint Commission at an appropriated date with the primary aim of identifying areas of common interest and complementary expertise. The Parties shall encourage specialist enterprises, including innovative SMEs within their respective jurisdictions, to consider establishment of research & development facilities, production ventures and holding companies for intellectual property rights in each other’s territory.

Romania (Download)

China and Romania have all along maintained a stable and fine relationship of cooperation in science and technology. The first agreement on scientific and technological cooperation between both countries was signed in 1953.

No.NameRomania OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1 Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation Government of RomaniaGovernment of the People’s Republic of China1953

The joint committee meeting takes place every 2 years.

In June 1999, the 35th regular meeting of the Committee held in Bucharest. The two sides signed 66 projects of cooperation in agriculture, chemical industry, geology and mining, light industry, biology and metallurgy.

On 18 October 2010, the 40th meeting was held in Beijing. Both sides signed 21 projects, involving agriculture, medicine, materials, physics, and mathematics among others.

2Agreements on Cultural Cooperation Government of Romania Government of the People’s Republic of China1952, 1965, 1994
3Agreement on the mutual recognition of record of schooling, diplomas and certificates of higher educationGovernment of Romania Government of the People’s Republic of ChinaJuly 1995
4Agreement on Educational Exchanges and Cooperation for the period 1998-2001 Ministry of Education, Romania Ministry of Education, ChinaApril 1998
5Green Energy” – ROMANIA & CHINA WORKSHOP on Science and Technology, CooperationAGIR (General Association of Engineers in Romania), ICPE CA (National Institute for Research and Development in Electrical Engineering) and the Municipality of AvrigCAST (China Association for Science and Technology)June 2011

The directions for cooperation are:

  • To promote and support the Avrig energy program: “LOCAL ENERGY – The local contribution to combat climate change. An integrated model for energy efficient communities.”
  • To cooperate and share knowledge, resources and experience, in order to support and promote their activities with regard to the energy efficiency, generation, transport and distribution of energy from renewable sources, as well as to contribute to the reduction of the greenhouse effect.
  • To support the Avrig pilot research project by exploring the feasibility of developing a hybrid Bioreactor based on integrated wast management and the development of an algae industry.
  • To support the proposal for developing an Exhibition Centre in Avrig, Romania, for promoting products and technologies regarding the renewable energy sources
  • To initiate and develop common activities for scientific dissemination, in order to assure a better knowledge over the latest technological developments, regarding the renewable energy technologies in both countries
  • To facilitate interchangeable participation to the scientific and technological activities which each partner organizes.

Slovakia (Download)

The Agreement between the Government of the Slovak Republic and the Peoples Republic of China on Scientific and Technological Cooperation was signed on 17 February 1997 in Beijing. Based on this Agreement, Bilateral Calls for project proposals was announced in 2007, 2009, 2012 and 2015. The Agreement on Cultural Cooperation was signed in 2 October 2000.

No.NameSlovakia OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Call for submitting proposals for common research and development projects supporting the collaboration the Slovak Republic the People ́s Republic of China2015

Project objectives:

  • preparation of joint international projects;
  • preparation of joint publications and other outputs;
  • active participation at conferences, organizing joint scientific activities;
  • mutual use of special laboratory equipment and apparatus;
  • research materials collection;
  • promoting of PhD students and/or young researchers (up to 35 years)

Project duration: 01.01.2016-31.12.2017

Iceland (Download)

The diplomatic relations of both countries were established in 1970s. After the bilateral meeting of the Prime Ministers of both countries in 2012 and with the implementation of China-Iceland Free Trade Agreement on 1st July 2014, the bilateral relations have entered a new era.

No.NameIceland OrganizationChina OrganizationYear of implementationCooperation
1Framework Agreement on Arctic Cooperationthe Government of the Republic of Icelandthe Government of the People's Republic of ChinaApril 2012
2Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the field of Marine and Polar Science and Technologythe Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Icelandthe Ministry for Foreign Affairs, ChinaApril 2012
3Memorandum of Understanding on Geothermal and Geosciences Cooperationthe Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Icelandthe Minister of Land and Resources of ChinaApril 2012
4Joint Declaration regarding a solar and silicon project in Icelandthe Government of IcelandChina National Bluestar Co. Ltd.April 2012
5Memorandum of Understanding on planning consultancy cooperationPromote Iceland China Development Bank CorporationApril 2012